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HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER FOR YOUR REFERENCE?
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REFERENSI DAFTAR PUSTAKA ANDA?

Dewi, B.S. 2010. The Important Role of Asiatic Black Bear in the Seed Dispersal Process.
Prossiding
International Seminar on Sustainable Biomass Production And Utilization : Challenges And Opportunities, August 3th – 4th Sheraton Lampung,
Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

The Important Role of Asiatic Black Bear
in the Seed Dispersal Process

Bainah Sari Dewi

Forestry Departement of Faculty of Agriculture
Lampung University
Indonesia

One of the wild Asiatic Black Bears was captured using GPS collar from August 19 to October 2, 2007 in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The bear was captured to investigate its daily movement pattern in every three days using GPS collar record attached on the neck of bear.
The result showed that food habit and movement pattern of the bears in Uozu, Toyama Prefecture were different within each three days, and one of the fleshy-fruited Cornus controversa seeds was detected as their preference food. The different movement pattern had strong influence on food availability in Toyama Prefecture. The GPS measurement indicated more than 771 location points, but only 387 locations points were successfully visited. It is shown that the Asiatic Black Bears consumed the most fleshy-fruits and moved farther compared to other wildlife. Subsequently, they are regarded as the first seed disperser.

Key words : Asiatic Black Bear, Movement Pattern, GPS, Cornus controversa.

The Important Role of Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus)
in the Seed Dispersal Process

Bainah Sari Dewi

Forestry Departement of Faculty of Agriculture
Lampung University
Indonesia

INTRODUCTION
Diurnal activity is the behavior of an animal that is active in the daytime (sunrise to sunset). And bears are primarily diurnal throughout their range (Craighead et al. 1995; Gilbert and Lanner 1995). There are number of studies of GPS activity sensor for animal (Burnham 1998, Dussault et al. 1999, D Eon 2003, Di Orio et al. 2003, Frair et al. 2004, Cain et al. 2005, D Eon 2005, Dauwalter et al. 2006, Munro 2006, Horne et al. 2007, Lewis 2007,). But especially for the research of Asiatic Black Bear in Toyama Prefecture area, it is one of the pioneer research.
It could not observe the Asiatic Black Bear directly. The GPS-collar is very convenient to chase the action of the Asiatic Black Bear. It is the toll which can chase a detailed action (Goto 2004, Arimoto 2008, Koike 2008). I had been chased feeding behavior of the Asiatic Black Bear with GPS- collar.
In this research, I investigated the diurnal movement pattern of Asiatic Black Bear for attach the fleshy fruit to help provide information on habitat needs for maintaining a heterogeneous plant community.
METHODS

The study was conducted in August to October 2007 at Uozu, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. Toyama Prefecture is located approximately in the center of Honshu, Japan and is bordered by Niigata and Nagano Prefectures to the east, Gifu Prefecture to the south, and Ishikawa Prefecture to the west. Toyama is a topographically impressive prefecture. Mountains wall in the prefecture on three sides and the deep bay rests nestled in the crook formed by the rolling plains (Latitude: 36º16”N to 36º59”N, Longitude: 136º46”E to 137º46”E). Forest area in Uozu is Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest with an altitude and it located in the eastern part of Toyama Japan between Namerikawa and Kurobe, stretching from Toyama Bay and the Japan Sea in the northwest to high mountain ranges in the southeast. The highest mountains in Uozu are Sougadake and Kekachiyama, and the highest elevation in Uozu is 2,414 m. Several rapid rivers run through Uozu; from east to west, they are the Fuse River, the Katakai River, the Kado River, and the Hayatsuki River.
The methods to investigate the movement pattern of the Asiatic Black Bear in the Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest, Toyama Prefecture, consist of some steps. Barrel traps was set up in July 2007 to capture the bear. Two barrels were used and combined to one cage to capture for bear. The barrel has only one door and open for the gate of bear coming. By the gate which consist of VHF telemetry, I could detect the bear capture or not yet from 1-20 km in distance. In August 18 2007 one bear was captured the code UF 10 was given. On August 19 2007 on GPS collar and release, VHF Telemetry was done every 2 time a week, for checking the bear activity by GPS collar. In November 20 2007, the GPS collar was drop off and the GPS collar data was got. GPS collar was released. GPS was connected the computer, and then the data had been downloaded using GPS 3000 host programming to analysis. Then the movement pattern of bear during the period of GPS collar was analyzed..

1.Field visitation to access GPS bear locations
Firstly, GPS locations had been combined with activity value which correspond to the GPS locations. Secondly, GPS locations of bouts continuing activity value ≧14 as active locations ,and act ≦13 as inactive locations had been defined, respectively.
Active points and inactive points were selected from bear daily movement trace; active points (inactive points) is defined as area that over 2 active (inactive) locations distribute in 20-m-radius area.
It was navigated to each active and inactive points using uploaded waypoints in handheld GPS units(Garmin GPS Map60CSx)Kumadana or scars on a tree had been remained bear’s active point.
According to Koike’s study (2008) which investigated retention time of Asiatic Black Bears, bears had retention time about 7 h for minimum and 16-18 h for excreting about 50%. Activity pattern of bears is fundamentally circadian and the ratio of active bouts to inactive bouts equal 1:1 (Arimoto, 2008). Accordingly, it is suggested that bears excrete of feces over 50% of food eaten during active bouts at inactive point during night. Then, food species identified and feeding period of GPS bear (UF10) by kumadana found at active points and feces found at inactive points. I was search for kumadana over a 20-m-radius area from center of active point and for feces over a10-m-raduis area from center of inactive point.

2.Definition of core area

I defined active bouts and inactive bouts; inactive bouts is from time that activity value ≦13 last 20 minute up to time activity value ≧14 last 20 minute up, and active bouts is the remainder.
To demonstrate the movement pattern of bears for searching food, I analyzed the distribution of active locations.
The methods were following.
1)The home range of bears was divided by 50-m-mesh. Then the active GPS location which
locates at each mesh was counted.
2)I calculated ”the expected value of frequency of mesh use (E)=the number of total GPS
locations÷the number of total mesh used”.
I defined “a core area” as the area that includes the 50-m-mesh which have GPS locations more than twice of expected value (A) and the 50-m-mesh which have more than expected value neighboring to A.
3) I checked out the tree species which had bear marks at active point of each core area.

RESULT

1. Relationship between distribution of fleshy fruits on kumadana and movement patterns of the Asiatic Black Bear

An activity sensor that abstracted GPS measuring points in working hours showed repeated areas as the living spaces zone of bears. Its up loaded the bear living zone in the GPS Map 60 CSX were explored. Record of the feces and life tracks which were found within 20 meters of the living zone. I clarified the GPS collar data by direct observation to the forest and I found Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees as the stay point of bear there. Figure 1 was shown the distribution of fleshy fruits on kumadana on of Mizuki trees.
In location map of bear in activity research area, UF10 moved from one fleshy fruit of Mizuki to other fleshy fruit of Mizuki patch and visited the one fleshy fruit Mizuki patch repeatedly (Table 1).

○ :Fleshy-fruits of Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees  

.Figure 1. The distribution of Kumadana on Mizuki trees (Cornus controversa) in UF 10 Asiatic Black Bear on activity research area in Toyama Prefecture.

Square Mesh in square of 100 meters, positions of the Asiatic Black Bear in the natural feeding habit are followed by the data track recorder on GPS radio-collars.

Table 1. The date when Black Bear (UF10) used fleshy fruit of Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees in “Core Area (A-G)” in Toyama Prefecture between August to September 2007.
Figure 2 shows that movement pattern/ travel route of the bear UF10 with GPS-collar every three days with distribution of fleshy fruit of Mizuki on kumadana. There are some patterns; moving from the fleshy fruit tree area to the other areas, settle down in a same fleshy fruit tree area repeatedly. Every three days the movement pattern of one Asiatic Black Bear was different. Core area was described in Figure 3, or the overlapping time of “went point” and “visit point” of bear in many repeating more than 2 times visiting mesh by recorded of GPS collar data in one place area in field.

Figure 2. Movement pattern of Asiatic Black Bear UF 10 for every three days around Kumadana on Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees in Toyama Prefecture from 18th September to 2nd October 2007

Red : 9/18-9/20, blue:9/21-23, green:9/24-26, black:9/27-9/29, yellow:9/30-10/2 on the square mass 100 meters

2. Core area in active bouts

After resizing GPS measuring points to 50 meters a mesh, recorded during August 20th until October 3rd. Figure 5 shows a frequency of visits by bear in each mesh. During this time, total number of GPS measuring points went up to 771 points and total numbers of used were 387 points.
The 50-m-mesh which have GPS locations more than twice of expected value (=771÷387) are shown by red meshes and the 50-m-mesh which have more than expected value are shown by blue meshes. A-R in Fig.2 shows core areas. The point of(A~R)there are the area which is visited repeatedly in movement pattern.
Colored by blue as more than expected rate; colored by red as more than 2 times using mesh. It was the recorded of GPS measuring points located closely. Distinguished red mesh group and blue one. It made other limits of blue ones which was connected to red ones, it called “Core Area”, and these condition was marked by the letter of A-R in Figure 3.
Consequently, core areas had been exist in movement pattern of bear necessarily.

Figure 3. Distribution of location points of Black Bear UF10 in Toyama Prefecture from 20th August 2007 to 3rd October 2007.

Red cell shows 4 and over of location points. Blue cell shows 2-3 location points. Green cell shows 1 location point. Alphabet A to R show Core Area.

DISCUSSION
1. Food availability

The tree species that are used for movement pattern of the Asiatic Black Bear from one place to another place may be the same and difference, it can be berries seeds tree or nuts tree, but in case of “UF10 bear” study, the movement pattern showed the same tree species as berries tree/ fleshy-fruit. This bear have the different movement pattern. As mobile and opportunistic mammals, bear show changing movement pattern use in accordance with changes in resource abundance (Hazumi et al. 1997, Power 1992, Nay and Haroldson 1990, Smith et al. 1992, Reid et al. 1991, Mano 1994, Joshi et al. 1995).
Many studies on movement patterns of American Black Bear (Amstrup and Beechum 1976, Garshelis and Pelton 1981, Kasbohm et al. 1998) and brown bears or grizzly bears or sun bear (Clevenger 1996, McConney and Galetti 1999) conclude that the food availability was the most important factor that influenced bear movements. No distinct fruiting period where bear food become abundant occurred during the entire study period. Therefore, it was not possible to compare daily movement distances between fruiting season and non-fruiting season.
Amstrup and Beecham (1976) reported that the daily movements of American black bears were greater (mean = 1.5 km) in 1973 when food was sparse, than in 1974 (mean = 1.1 km), when food was diverse and abundant. Similarly, Pelton (1989) reported American black bear in Tennessee moved 2-4 times farther in lean acorn years than in mast ones, and Roggers (1976, 1977), Rogers and Applegate 1983 reported increased numbers of bears moving during scarce food years. Wong et al. (2002) strongly believe figs, has a strong influence on movement pattern of sun bears. Thus, I understood that food availability has strong influence on the movement patterns of the UF10 as Asiatic Black Bear in Toyama Prefecture.

CONCLUSION

The movement pattern of one the Asiatic Black Bear in used of GPS collar in August 20th to October 3rd 2007 that use the berries tree species. Every three days of movement pattern one the Asiatic Black Bear had been moved in different pattern. After resizing GPS measuring points to 50 meters a mesh, the data shows a frequency in used by bear in each mesh, total GPS measuring points went up to 771 points and total mesh used were 387 points, and the difference movement pattern has strong influence on food availability in Toyama Prefecture.
I understood that the Asiatic Black Bear took the action to strongly depends on fleshy fruits of some tree species in Warm and Cool Temperate Forest in Japan and play the role of seed disperser for Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.

February 20, 2011 Posted by | Publication | 1 Comment

Dewi Dung Beetle

HOW TO CITE THIS PAPER FOR YOUR REFERENCE?
BAGAIMANA MENULISKAN PAPER INI DALAM
REFERENSI DAFTAR PUSTAKA ANDA?

Dewi, B.S. 2010. Biological Resources for Secondary Seed Disperser’Role in Pahmungan Village Krui West Lampung Indonesia. Prosiding
Seminar Nasional III SATEK 18-19 Oktober 2010.
Universitas Lampung. Lampung Indonesia.

Biological Resources for Secondary Seed Disperser’Role in
Pahmungan Village
Krui West Lampung Indonesia

Bainah Sari Dewi

Forestry Department Faculty of Agriculture Lampung University
Soemantri Brojonegoro No 1 Bandar Lampung Indonesia

bainahsariwicaksono@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

The important of biological conservation of dung beetles as the secondary seed disperser was investigated in Pahmungan village, Krui, West Lampung, Indonesia 2010. Pahmungan village as Repong Damar area is forest management base on the community, and it is the important habitat for seed disperser.

Research had been done in permanent plot of Repong Damar. Traps method for capture the beetles and literature study method were used as comparative data from Nikko National Park in Japan for growth up the data.

It was found out that the characteristic of dung beetles as the secondary seed disperser in Repong Damar. Dung beetles were investigated as generalist beetles. And from three type of dung beetles, Repong Damar area has tunneller type of beetles, and as Scarabaeid, there were not yet clearly about the species name of beetles in this area.

Key words : Secondary seed disperser, Dung beetle, Repong Damar, Krui Lampung

Peran Secondary Seed Disperser sebagai sumberdaya biologi
di Pekon Pahmungan Krui Lampung Barat Indonesia
(Biological Resources for Secondary Seed Disperser’Role in
Pahmungan Village Krui West Lampung Indonesia)

I. PENDAHULUAN

A. Latar Belakang
Indonesia merupakan negara mega biodiversity, dengan hutan tropis seluas 120.353.104 hektar (Badan Pusat Statistik 2006; Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan 1999) memiliki potensi hasil hutan nonkayu yang melimpah. Hutan tropis merupakan hutan dengan keanekaragaman hayati yang tinggi, hal ini ditandai dengan pemenuhan kebutuhan manusia mulai dari kayu bakar, sumber pakan, obat-obatan, getah-getahan, sampai penggunaan untuk konstruksi bangunan.
Provinsi Lampung memiliki berbagai komoditas andalan hasil hutan non kayu dan Damar merupakan komoditi hasil hutan non kayu yang penting dalam dunia perdagangan khususnya di Provinsi Lampung dan industri luas pada umumnya.
Pohon penghasil getah Damar ini dibudidayakan dengan sistem Agroforestry (de Foresta dan Michon 1994; 2000). Kumpulan pohon Damar yang sudah berdiameter lebih dari duapuluh centimeter tersebut pada areal yang luas telah dianggap masyarakat setempat sebagai Hutan Damar. Hutan Damar yang dimaksudkan oleh masyarakat tersebut sebenarnya berupa kebun damar (Shorea javanica) di Krui Lampung Barat. Hutan Damar ini merupakan model pengelolaan hutan oleh masyarakat dengan sangat besarnya peran masyarakat dalam pengelolaan ekosistem hutan telah mampu berkembang dan menjadi sumber pendapatan masyarakat sekitarnya dalam beberapa generasi (Dinas Kehutanan Propinsi Lampung 2000).
Masyarakat Krui lebih sering mengatakan hutan Damar ini dengan istilah Repong Damar. Repong dalam terminologi Krui adalah sebidang lahan kering yang ditumbuhi beraneka-ragam jenis tanaman produktif, dengan dominansi pohon tua (perennial crops), dan beragam jenis kayu yang bernilai ekonomis serta beragam jenis tumbuhan liar yang dibiarkan hidup. Repong Damar menjadi sebutan masyarakat terhadap hutan milik mereka dikarenakan pohon Damar merupakan tegakan yang dominan jumlahnya pada setiap bidang repong (Lubis 1997).
Repong Damar yang telah memberikan kehidupan bergenerasi pada masyarakat sekitar hutan tersebut menjadi habitat yang penting untuk tumbuh dan berkembangnya satwaliar dan seed bank dari hampir semua biji Damar di areal tersebut.
Keberadaan Repong Damar menjadi penting untuk habitat satwaliar. Peran utama satwaliar primata yang berada di Repong Damar seperti monyet ekor panjang menjadi penting dalam siklus sebagai penyebar biji. Dalam proses penyebaran biji oleh satwaliar yang berfungsi sebagai penyebar biji tingkat pertama dilakukan oleh satwa-satwa yang memiliki kemampuan daya tampung yang besar dalam perutnya, dan sistem memakan biji swallow type. Hal ini menyebabkan biji-biji yang telah dimakan oleh penyebar biji pertama tersebut dalam keadaan utuh dan baik setelah dikeluarkan oleh satwa tersebut dalam bentuk feces.
Peran lanjutan dilakukan oleh hewan-hewan kecil yang bekerja sebagai penyebar biji tingkat kedua dengan cara memakan feces (Estrada and Estrada 1991, Hanski and Krikken 1991, Estrada et al. 1999, Davis 2000, Roslin 2000, Vulinec 2000, Wenny 2000, Andresen 2003, Verdu et al., 2007, Andresen 2008, Dewi 2009) yang telah disebarkan oleh satwaliar yang besar seperti primata. Peran sebagai secondary seed dispersal ini belum banyak diteliti di Indonesia dan untuk di Krui Lampung Barat terutama Pekon Pahmungan, hal ini merupakan penelitian pertama kali. Sebagai pioner penelitian mengenai peran secondary seed disperser khususnya dung beetle maka penelitian ini menjadi penting untuk dilaksanakan.

B. Tujuan Penelitian

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah :
1. Mengetahui berbagai jenis dung beetle pada Repong Damar.
2. Mengetahui jumlah dung beetle sebagai secondary seed disperser di Repong Damar.

C. Manfaat Penelitian

Manfaat penelitian ini adalah :
1. Sebagai bahan informasi dan masukan berharga bagi masyarakat serta pemerintah dalam upaya biologi konservasi masa yang akan datang.
2. Sebagai informasi bagi penelitian sejenis pada masa yang akan datang.

II. METODE PENELITIAN

Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode studi kasus pada Pekon Pahmungan Krui Lampung Barat. Menurut Nazir (1988), studi kasus adalah penelitian tentang suatu subjek penelitian yang berkenaan dengan suatu fase spesifik atau khas dari keseluruhan personalitas.

Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data primer dan sekunder. Data primer diperoleh melalui traps method. Menurut Furubayashi et al. (2004), traps method adalah metode dengan pembuatan perangkap untuk hewan kecil, sehingga dengan perangkap tersebut diperoleh hasil yang nyata berkenaan dengan biodiversitas, kelimpahan, jenis dan tipe hewan yang menyukai dari umpan yang diberikan.
Data sekunder diperoleh melalui pencatatan dari berbagai kepustakaan, instansi atau lembaga yang terkait dalam penelitian ini.
Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Pekon Pahmungan Krui Lampung Barat pada bulan Agustus 2010. Lokasi penelitian dipilih secara sengaja (purposive) dengan pertimbangan daerah ini merupakan Repong Damar terkenal di Provinsi Lampung yang memproduksi damar dalam jumlah yang cukup besar dan belum pernah dilakukan penelitian tentang secondary seed disperser.

III. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dung beetle yang memakan feces satwaliar di Repong Damar Krui Lampung Barat. Dung beetle yang berhasil diperoleh dari trap di lapangan menunjukkan dung beetle tipe tunneller dan termasuk dalam Scarabaeid.
Penamaan dari spesies yang telah berhasil ditemukan di Pekon Pahmungan Krui Lampung Barat, belum dapat dilakukan karena peneliti harus melaksanakan tahapan identifikasi pada Museum Zoologi Bogor.
Hanski dan Krikken (1991) mengklasifikasikan dung beetle menjadi tiga tipe di dunia, yaitu tipe roller, tipe tunneller dan tipe dweller. Klasifikasi ini berlaku di seluruh dunia untuk membedakan tipe dung beetle berdasarkan caranya memperlakukan feces. Pada Taman Nasional Nikko di Jepang, telah berhasil diketahui dua tipe dung beetle saja yaitu roller dan tunneller (Dewi, 2009). Dan pada riset yang dilakukan peneliti di Krui Lampung Barat, diperoleh tipe tunneller.
Tipe tunneller beetle yang ditemukan di Pekon Pahmungan, membawa feces ke dalam lubang dengan terlebih dahulu mengguling-gulingkan feces dan membuatnya seperti bola, lalu tipe ini akan menggali lubang dengan kedalaman tertentu. Tipe tunneller ini akan menggali lubang lalu memasukkan bola feces yang di dalamnya dapat ya atau tidak, terkandung biji dari pohon-pohon yang telah dimakan oleh first seed disperser.
Penggalian lubang ini menjadikan tempat bertelurnya anakan dari dung beetle dan tanpa sengaja satwaliar kecil ini telah berhasil menyelamatkan biji yang berada di feces tersebut. Peran ini menyebabkan biji selamat dari predator seperti tikus. Biji apabila tetap berada di atas permukaan tanaha maka dimungkinkan biji akan mengalami kerusakan akibat sinar matahari, cuaca dan sebagainya. Biji apabila terlindung di dalam permukaan tanah dengan kedalaman tersimpan biji yang ideal versi dung beetle, membuat biji aman, dan menjadikan seed bank di hutan. Kumpulan seed bank dengan peran aktif dung beetle ini merupakan peran sangat penting dalam proses penyelamatan biji untuk melewati masa dormansinya dan setelah mendapatkan waktu yang tepat, maka biji-biji tersebut akan tumbuh ke permukaan sebagai seedling, kemudian menjadi sapling, pole dan terakhir menjadi pohon.
Pohon-pohon yang tumbuh tersebut menjadi sangat beragam struktur, jenis dan komposisinya di Hutan Damar akibat dari penyebar biji tingkat pertama oleh satwaliar besar dan peran sangat penting dung beetle sebagai penyelamat biji dalam prosesnya untuk berada di posisi seed bank. Dengan tumbuhnya pohon-pohon tersebut di dalam hutan, harapannya adalah terjadi keanekaragaman hayati di hutan. Dengan tingkat keanekaragaman yang tinggi menyebabkan ekosistem hutan makin kuat dan stabil sehingga berdampak sangat positif dalam kekuatan hutan sebagai penyeimbang kehidupan, mencegah erosi, penyimpan air tanah dan secara global menyelamatkan manusia dari kekeringan, kebanjiran, tanah longsor dan bencana alam lainnya.
Ekosistem yang stabil menyebabkan siklus alami berjalan dengan baik, keseimbangan alam berjalan dengan baik dan semua kebaikan ini terjadi hanya dikarenakan adanya peran kecil dari dung beetle.

IV. KESIMPULAN

Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pada lokasi penelitian di Repong Damar Krui Lampung Barat terdapat dung beetle. Perannya sangat penting sebagai secondary seed disperser dengan memakan feces satwaliar, membuat bola feces sekaligus menyelamatkan biji-biji yang terdapat dalam feces menjadi seed bank di dalam hutan.
Dung beetle yang berhasil diperoleh dari trap di lapangan menunjukkan dung beetle tipe tunneller dan termasuk dalam Scarabaeid.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
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February 20, 2011 Posted by | Publication, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Biodata Bainah Sari Dewi

~CURICULUM VITAE

Nama/ name : Hj. Bainah Sari Dewi, S.Hut, M.P.

https://bainahsaridewi.wordpress.com

Tempat tanggal lahir/ Date of Birth : Lampung Selatan, 12 October 1973
NIP : 132230868
Pekerjaan tetap /Permanent Occupation : Dosen Tetap/Lecturer
Unit Kerja/Unit Work : Jurusan Managemen Hutan Fakultas Pertanian
Unila/Forest Management Departement Faculty of
Agryculture Lampung University

http://www.unila.ac.id/~fp-hutan/mambo/biodata/bainah.html

2005 sd 2008 Occupation : Doctor`s Student at Tokyo University of Agriculture
andTechnology (TUAT) Laboratory of Forest
Biological Conservation Forestry Departement
Faculty of Agriculture (TUAT)Saiwaicho Fuchu Shi
Tokyo JAPAN 183 0054
Alamat Rumah di Jepang/Address : 1.Fuchu International House, TUAT, 2-41-111 Saiwai
Cho Fuchu Shi Tokyo, 183-0054
2. Madokasou 3, Shin Machi 1-31-8, Fuchu Shi, Tokyo,
Japan, 183-0052

Mobile phone : 81 9061242403
Mobile phone email : bainahsaridewi(at)softbank.ne.jp
Email : bainahdewi(at)yahoo.com
Agama/ Religion : Islam/ Moslem
Warga Negara/ Nationality : Indonesia/ Indonesian
Jenis Kelamin/ Sex : Wanita/Female
Alamat/ Address : Bukit Kemiling Permai Blok S 44-45 Kemiling Bandar
Lampung Indonesia

Pendidikan/ Education:
1. SDN 5 Panjang Utara/ Elementary School, 1986
2. SMPN 2 Kalianda Lampung Selatan/ Junior High School, 1989
3. SMAn 1 Kalianda Lampung Selatan/ Senior High School, 1992
4. Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta/ Faculty of Forestry Gadjah Mada University, February, 1998

http://www.fkt.ugm.ac.id/alumni.php?act=viewalumni&thn_lulus=1998

5. Magister Ilmu Kehutanan Pasca Sarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta/ Forestry Science Master Programme, Gadjah Mada University, 2001
6. Doctor course third year in Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2005 now on
Support by Monbukagakusho Schollarship

http://www.dikti.org/beasiswa/modules.php?name=News&file=print&sid=73

http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:a2Wadwj3NfEJ:www.samudra-studio.com/html/mhsnama200510.html

Orang Tua/Parent :
Ayah/Father : Baharuddin (alm 1990)
Ibu/Mother : Sunariyah (alm 1996)
Suami/ Husband : M.Dwi Wicaksono, S.Hut
Anak/Daughter : Safira Cahya Fadhila (March 24, 2000)
Anak Angkat/ Adopt Child : Solehat (January 17, 1990)

Kemampuan Bahasa/Languages Spoken and Written

Language Spoken Written
Indonesia Excellent Excellent
English Excellent Good
Arabic Basic Basic
Thai Basic Basic
Japan Intermediate Intermediate

Kursus/Courses/Training/Workshops

1. Penataran P 4 SMP/ Pancasila Workshop for Student, SMPN 2 Kalianda,1986.
2. Penataran P 4 SMA/ Pancasila Workshop for Student, SMAN I Kalianda, 1989.
3. Penataran P 4 UGM/ Pancasila Workshop for Student, Gadjah Mada University, 1992
4. Computer Course at Yayasan Putera bangsa Lampung, 1992.
5. Technocrate English Course, Lampung, 1991-1992.
6. Rasia Lima Broadcaster Training, Yogyakarta, 1993.
7. Achievement Motivation Training for TV Announcer Tanah Merdeka Program Television of Republic Indonesia Station of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, 1993.
8. Lembaga Indonesia Amerika Kursus/ LIA English Course, Yogyakarta, 1991-1993.
9. Latihan Kepemimpinan Mahasiswa Kehutanan/Leadership of Forestry Student Training, Yogyakarta, 1993.
10. Kursus Dasar-dasar pembangunan dan pengelolaan kepariwisataan alam/Fundamental Course and Development and Management for Nature Ecotourism, Yogyakarta, 1994.
11. Kursus bahasa Inggris Lembaga Indonesia Amerika/ LIA English Course, 1994
12. Kursus Mahir Dasar Pembina Pramuka/Basic Skill Course for Scouting Activities, Yogyakarta, 25-31 Januari 1995
13. Kursus Pelatihan dan Pengelolaan Racana III/ Training and Management Course of Scouting III Girls Guide, Yogyakarta, 1995.
14. The English Language Course/ ELC, Yogyakarta, 1995.
15. Arabic Course, Suhada Mosque, Yogyakarta, 1997.
16. ELTI English Course, Yogyakarta, 1997.
17. Prajabatan Calon Pegawai Negeri Sipil Propinsi Lampung/Prepare Training for Government employee, Lampung, 1999.
18. Student Enforcement Training of Forest Resource, Lampung University, Lampung, 2001
19. Kursus AMDAL Tipe A / Environment Impact Analysis Course Type A, Lampung University, Lampung, 2002
20. Method Research Course, Research Study Centre Unila, Lampung, 2002
21. Method Extension People Course, Extension People Study Centre, Unila, Lampung, 2002.
22. Curriculum Workshop of Forest Management, Lampung University, Lampung, 2002.
23. Hajj Training Instructur of Lampung Religion Departement, Islamic Centre, Lampung, 2002
24. Workshop peningkatan sumber daya manusia. Kajian sumber daya alam dan pelestarian hutan, Universitas Andalas Sum-Bar/Workshop of Human Resources of resource and Forest Sustainability, Andalas University West of Sumatera, 20-26 Juli 2003
25. Kursus Mahir Lanjut Pembina Pramuka/ Advant Skill Course for Scouting Activities, Lemdikacab Bandar Lampung and South of Lampung, 2004

Publications

1. Bainah Sari Dewi, Conservation Practice in Indonesia. The paper to be held in the International Forestry Student Symposium on 26 July-August 1994, Zurich, Swiss, Switzerland.
2. Bainah Sari Dewi , Conservation and Exploitation in Indonesia. The paper to be held in the Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, 1994.
3. Bainah Sari Dewi , Moral Tourism : In The Perspective Social and Culture. The paper to be held in the seminar on nature ecotourism Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, April 1995.
4. Bainah Sari Dewi , Duty and Responsibilty Announcer.The paper to be held in the Seminar on Demangan Yogya, February, 1995.
5. Bainah Sari Dewi , Djuwantoko, Aspect of Daily Behavior Burung Kakatua Kecil Jambul Kuning (Caatua sulphurea abboti) or Caccatoo Bird in Masalembo Island East Java Province, 1998.
6. Bainah Sari Dewi , Do we have Remaining Time for Better Live ? Published on Bernas Newspaper, Yogyakarta, 1995.
7. Bainah Sari Dewi , Country Report : Forest Conservation Practices in Indonesia. The paper to be held in ASEAN Forestry Student Association Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1996.
8. Bainah Sari Dewi , Djuwantoko, Poster Session on International FORTROP Conference, with the title Aspect of Daily Behavior Caccatoo Bird, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1996.
9. Bainah Sari Dewi , How to Be a Good Announcer and Master of Ceremony. The paper to be held in the Training and Education for Master of Ceremony, Sleman, Yogyakarta, 1998.
10. Bainah Sari Dewi , Nutrient Analyze of Orangutan (Pongo pigmaeus pigmaeus) in Tanjung Putting National Park Center of Borneo, Indonesia. Journal Science and Technology Volume 8 Number I, ISSN-0853-733x, April, 2002.
11. Bainah Sari Dewi , The Role of Stakeholder in Forestry Problem Solving. The paper to be held in Studium Generale, Hyma Silva, Lampung University, 2002.
12. Bainah Sari Dewi , Negotiation and Effective Communication. The paper to be held on Hyma Sylva Training/Student Association of Forest Management Unila Training, period 2002-2003, Lampung, 2002.
13. Bainah Sari Dewi, Pendampingan Masyarakat Sekitar Hutan Gunung Betung, Alternatif usaha Produktif Mesin Tetas Lampu Minyak/ Community Forest Development in Gunung Betung, Alternate Product’s Income by Egg Mechine. Warta Gunung Betung Volume 4/II/2002, Lampung, 2002.
14. Bainah Sari Dewi , Sugeng Wibowo, Indriyanto, Kajian Daur Finansial dan Kelestarian Hasil Hutan Rakyat Jati (Tectona grandis) di Desa Tambah Rejo dan Wates Kecamatan Gading Rejo Kabupaten Tanggamus/ The role of Public Forest And Its Development System to Farmer Income in Wates And Tambah Rejo of Gading Rejo Sub District of Tanggamus Lampung. Jurnal Hutan Rakyat/Journal Centre for Community Forestry Studies, Volume V Number 2 ISSN-1411-1861, Yogyakarta, 2003.
15. Bainah Sari Dewi , Sosialisasi Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor 31/Kpts-II/2001 tentang Hutan Kemasyarakatan pada petani Hutan KPPH Umbul Baru Batu Putu Register 19 Gunung Betung. Blok Perlindungan, Blok Budidaya dan Rencana Pengelolaan Hutan Kemasyarakatan/ Sosialization of Instruction Ministry of Forestry about Forest Society for Forest Farmer KPPH Umbul Baru Batu Putu Register 19 Gunung Betung. Protection Block, Silviculture Block and Forest Society Plan, Maret 2003. Warta Gunung Betung Volume 6/II/2003, Lampung, 2003.
16. Bainah Sari Dewi , Sugeng P. Harianto, Dampak Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah pada Dataran Tinggi Lampung/ Impact of Desentralization on High Land Lampung. Paper to be held in Seminar Desentralization on High Land Lampung in Bapedalda Lampung Province, 2003.
17. Bainah Sari Dewi , Peran Perguruan Tinggi sebagai Unit Kecil Multistakeholder dalam Eksplorasi Penegakan Hukum Kasus-kasus Pencurian Hasil Hutan di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan/ The Function of University as a part of Multistakeholder on Law Enforcement Exploration of Ilegal Logging and Ilegal Wildlife in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, pada diskusi dan konferensi pers TNBBS/The paper to be held on Discussion and Pers Conference Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Lampung, 28 April 2004.
18. Bainah Sari Dewi , Agus Setyarso, Food Analyses of Rehabilitating Orangutan in Tanjung Putting National Park, Nagoya, Japan, 2005.
19. Bainah Sari Dewi (A0502), A Nutritional Content Analysis of Supply Food on Infant-Child Rehabilitating Orangutan at Tanjung Puting National Park Central Borneo. The paper to be held in 15 th Indonesian Scientific Conference in Japan, the theme : The future Chalanges of Indonesia: Strategy to build and enhance the competitive advantages, Hiroshima Japan, 5 August 2006.
20. Bainah Sari Dewi (A0507), Identification of Natural Food of Rehabilitating Orangutan at Tanjung Puting National Park Central Borneo Indonesia. The paper to be held in 15 th Indonesian Scientific Conference in Japan, the theme : The future Chalanges of Indonesia: Strategy to build and enhance the competitive advantages, Hiroshima Japan, 5 August 2006.
21. Mohamad Dwi Wicaksono, Bainah Sari Dewi (A0506) Forest Development Follow On Central Growth Of Developed (Case Study In East Lampung Indonesia). The paper to be held in 15 th Indonesian Scientific Conference in Japan, the theme : The future Chalanges of Indonesia: Strategy to build and enhance the competitive advantages, Hiroshima Japan, 5 August 2006. http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:LMz9LxsMdzYJ:ti2006.ppi-jepang.org/technicalprogram.htm+bainah+sari+dewi&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1
20. Bainah Sari Dewi , Sugeng P. Harianto, Duryat, Socialization of wildlife conservation for Elementary School in Lampung, Indonesian Rural Development Institute Journal, Tokyo, 2007.
21. Bainah Sari Dewi, Sugeng P. Harianto, Cahyadi, Preference food of Orangutan Rehabilitating in Tanjung Puting National Park, Borneo, Indonesia, in Indonesian Scientific Meeting Japan in Kyoto, Japan, 2007.
22. Bainah Sari Dewi, Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, Effect the Asiatic Black Bear on germination seeds of Cornus controversa, in Indonesian Scientific Meeting Japan in Kyoto, Japan, 2007.
23. Bainah Sari Dewi, Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, The Retention time of the Asiatic Black Bear, in Indonesia Seminar, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan, 2007.
24. Bainah Sari Dewi, Habitat dan Makananku : Rehabilitasi Orangutan di Taman Nasional Tanjung Putting, Borneo, Indonesia, Berita Online of Iptek chapter Japan, Japan, 2007.
24. Bainah Sari Dewi , Yaya Rayadin, Masaaki Koganezawa, Characteristic of Tanjung Puting National Park as the habitat of Orangutan in Borneo, Indonesia, Indonesian Scientific Meeting, Tokyo, August 25-26 2008.
25. Bainah Sari Dewi, Masaaki Koganezawa, The Asiatic Black Bear and the Relation on Seasonal Dung Beetle in Fuchu Tokyo, Symposium on Agriculture, Science and Technology, SAST, Tokyo University of Agriculture (TUA), Tokyo, 2008.
26. Bainah Sari Dewi , Masaaki Koganezawa, Hasmaraini, Proximate Analyzes of Natural Food of Rehabilitating Orangutan in Tanjung Puting National Park, Borneo, Indonesia, JASTE 18, Tokyo, 2008 (Oral Presentation).
27. Bainah Sari Dewi , Norio Tokita, Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, Effect of the Asiatic Black Bear on germination seeds of Prunus grayana, ESJ, Fukuoka, Japan, March 14-17, 2008 (Oral Presentation).
28. Bainah Sari Dewi , Norio Tokita, Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, Effect of the Ursus thibetanus on germination seeds of Uwamizuzakura, Japan Forest Society, TUAT, Tokyo, 2008 (Poster).
29. Bainah Sari Dewi , Norio Tokita, Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, Effect of the Asiatic Black Bear on germination seeds of Prunus grayana, Wildlife Conservation Society of Biosphere Conservation International Journla, Accepted 26 May 2008 (International Journal).
30. Bainah Sari Dewi , Masaaki Koganezawa, Kengo Furubayashi, The Seasonal Change of Dung Beetle in Nikko National Park, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan, Indonesian Scientific Meeting in TUAT, Tokyo, August 25-26, 2008 (Oral Presentation).
31. Bainah Sari Dewi , Yaya Rayadin, Bed of Wild Orangutan in Acacia mangium trees in Borneo, Indonesia, Indonesian Scientific Meeting in TUAT, Tokyo, August 25-26, 2008 (Poster).
32. Bainah Sari Dewi, Lukman Hakim, Structure and Composition of Stand as Potency of Shorea Producer Tengkawang In Conservation Plot In-Situ PT. Suka Jaya Makmur, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, Indonesian Scientific Meeting in TUAT, Tokyo, August 25-26, 2008 (Poster).

Academic

1. The Winner of Best Student of Junior High School, SMP Lampung Selatan Level, 1988.
2. The Winner of Best Student of Junior High School, SMP Lampung Province Level, 1988.
3. The Best Ten Student of Junior High School, SMP National Level, 1988.
4. The Winner of Best Student of Senior High School, SMA Lampung Selatan Level, 1991.
5. The Runner Up of Best Student of Senior High School, SMA Lampung Province Level, 1991.
6. The Winner of Best Student Faculty of Forestry Gadjah Mada University, Curricular and Extra Curricular Activities, Yogyakarta, 1995.
7. Speech Student for Bernhard Prince of Netherland in Wanagama Forestry Education, Yogyakarta, 1996.

Competition/Contest

1. The Runner Up of Youth Speech Contest, Lampung Province Level, 1986.
2. The Champion of PGRI Poetry Reading Contest, Lampung Province Level, 986.
3. The Runner Up of TNI AL Poetry Reading Contest, Lampung Province Level, 1986.
4. The Champion of Pertasihut Kencana (Agriculture, Coperation, Forestry and Family Plan Departement) Speech Contest, Lampung Selatan Level, 1990.
5. The Champion of Pertasihut Kencana (Agriculture, Coperation, Forestry and Family Plan Departement) Speech Contest, Lampung Province Level , 1990.
6. The Favorite Champion of Pertasihut Kencana (Agriculture, Coperation, Forestry and Family Plan Departement) Speech Contest, National Level , Bandung, 1990.
7. Participant of Sumpah Pemuda Speech Contest, Lampung, 1991.
8. The Third Champion of English Speech Contest, Education and Culture Departement Lampung Province Level, 1990.
9. The Runner Up Champion of English Speech Contest, Education and Culture Departement Lampung Province Level, 1991.

Activities

Teaching in Lampung University and Lampung Peduli Education
1. Forest Plan
2. Wild Life Management
3. Urban Forest
4. Forest Inventory
5. Forest Resource Conservation
6. Forest Resource Conservation and Biodiversity
7. Terresstrial Ecology
8. Sampling Tecnique
9. Forest Harvest Product
10. Forest Policy
11. English (Lampung Peduli).

International Level :

1. International Community Development Camp/ Comdeca, East Java, 1993
2. International Forestry Student Symposium/IFSS, Zurich, Switzerland, Swiss, 1994
3. International Forest Tropical Conference/FORTROP, Bangkok, Thailand, 1996
4. Hajj Makka, Saudi Arabic, 1997
5. International Seminar of Urban Forest, Yogyakarta, 2001.
6. International Disaster and Fluvial Conference, Kyoto Japan, 2005
7. The 17 th International Bear Association Conference, Nagano Japan September 28- October 4, 2006.
8. International Biomass, Lampung Indonesia, 2009
9. International ICBC, Yogyakarta, 2009
10. International Sustainability Forest, Bogor, 2009
11. International Seminar, Bali, 2010

Regional Level :
1. ASEAN Forestry Student Symposium, Bangkok, Thailand, 1996.
2. Comparative Study of Faculty of Forestry, Laos, LAO, PDR, 1996.
3. Scientific Meeting PPI Japan, Nagoya, September, 2005.
4. The Second Scientific Congress of East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies (EAFES2), Toki Messe, Nigata, Japan, March 25-28, 2006.
5. Japan Association Tropical and Environment Annual Meeting, Tokyo University of Agriculture
and Technology, Tokyo, Japan, June 16-18, 2006.
5. Scientific Meeting PPI Japan, Hirosima, Jully, 2006.
6. The Seminar for Agricultural Sciences 2006 (SAS 2006) in Balai Indonesia,
The School of The Republic of Indonesia in Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, November 11, 2006.

National Level :
1. Perkemahan Nasional Bakti Saka Bayangkara/Perti Sabara/ Sabara National Extention Camp, Medan, North of Sumatera, 1992.
2. Temu Karya Nasional Koperasi Se Indonesia/National Cooperation Workshop, Yogyakarta, 1993.
3. Seminar Nasional Eksplorasi Taman Nasional Wasur Irian Jaya/ National Seminar of Wasur National Park, Yogyakarta, 1994.
4. Seminar Nasional Penetrasi Siaran TV Luar Negeri Melalui Antene Parabola/ National Seminar on Penetretion of Broad Television News through Parrabole Antene, Jakarta, 1994.
5. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Energi/ National Seminar of Technology and Energy, Yogyakarta, 1995.
6. Pendidikan Jurnalistik Tingkat Nasional Sylva Indonesia/ National Education and Training of Forestry Journalist Indonesia, Sylva Indonesia, Yogyakarta, 1996.
7. Seminar Nasional Status Silvikultur/ National Seminar of Silviculture Status, Yogyakarta, 1999.
8. Seminar Nasional Kajian Undang-Undang Tentang Kehutanan/ National Seminar of Forestry Rules no 41/1999, Yogyakarta, 1999.
9. Simposium Nasional of 70 th Prof. Oemi haniin Suseno. Peletakan Dasar-dasar dan Strategi Pemuliaan Pohon Hutan di Indonesia/ National Symposium Anniversary of Prof. Oemi Haniin Suseno.Fundamental and Strategy of Trees Improvement of Forest In Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Januari, 2001.
10. Seminar Nasional Peningkatan PAD dan Pelestarian Lingkungan melalui Pendekatan Agroekologi dalam meyongsong Otonomi Daerah, Yogyakarta, 2001.
11. Kongress Kehutanan Indonesia III/Indonesia Forestry Congress 3 th, Jakarta, 2001.
12. Dialog Kolaboratif Forum Komunikasi Kehutanan Masyarakat kerja sama dengan Dinas Kehutanan Propinsi Jambi/ Collaborative Dialouge Forest Society Communication Forrum with Forestry Departement of Jambi Province, Jambi, 2003.
13. Tim Penilai Bibit Gerakan Nasional Rehabilitasi Hutan dan Lahan Propinsi Lampung/Team of Seedling Evaluation of National Movement of Forest Rehabilitation and Land Use Lampung Province, Dec 2003- March 2004.
14. Tim Evaluasi Gerakan Nasional Rehabilitasi Hutan dan Lahan Propinsi Lampung/Team of Evaluation of National Movement of Forest Rehabilitation and Land Use Lampung Province, June-August, 2004.
15. Dialog Kehutanan Indonesia/Indonesia Forestry Dialouge, Keluarga Alumni Gadjah Mada Pusat/Kagama Kehutanan Pusat/ Gadjah Mada Alumni Association, Forestry Faculty, Jakarta, 2004.

Province Level :
1. Raimuna Daerah IV/ The Fourth Raimuna for Scouting, Lampung, 1987.
2. Pelatihan Saka Bayangkara/Sabara/ Sabara Scout Training, Lampung, 1989
3. Terminal 91/Terminal ’91 Camp, Lampung, 1991.
4. Head of Senior High School Meeting SMAN I Kalianda, South of Lampung, 1990.
5. Jambore National Participate, Lampung, 1991.
6. Perkemahan Bakti Kencana/ Extention Kencana Camp, Lampung, 1990.
7. Orientasi Saka Kencana/ Orientation of Saka Kencana, Lampung, 1990.
8. Orientasi Karang Taruna/ Orientation of Young Organisation, Lampung, 1990.
9. Komandan Upacara Hari Anak Nasional/ The Leader of National’s Kid Ceremony, Lampung, 1991.
10. Bakti Sosial Generasi Muda BKKBN/ BKKBN Extention, Lampung, 1991.
11. Supporting Event Festival Krakatau, Lampung, 1991.
12. PA Paskibraka, Lampung, 1991.
13. Raimuna Cabang II/The Second Raimuna of Scouting for Boys and Girls, South of Lampung, 1992.
14. Program Magang Penyiar Televisis/ Television Free Job Employment, TVRI Station of Yogyakarta, 1993.
15. Rasia Lima Broadcaster Am Programme, Rasia Lima Radio, Yogyakarta, 1993.
16. Acievement Motivation Training for TV Announcer, Tanah Merdeka Progrramme Television of Republic Indonesia Station of Yogyakarta, 1993.
17. Program Magang Penyiar Televisis/Television Free Job Employment, TVRI Station of Yogyakarta, 1993.
18. Seminar Hadirnya PIL dan WIL dalam Rumah Tangga/ Seminar on Family Conflict, Yogyakarta, 1994.
19. Piala Kemerdekaan II/The Second of Independent Trophy Committee, Yogyakarta, 1994.
20. Ujian Masuk Universitas Gadjah Mada/UM UGM/ Examination of UGM in Local Area, Lampung Province by Kagama Lampung/Alumni of Gadjah Mada Association, Lampung, 2003.
21. Pelatihan Kader Konservasi di Pusat Penyelamatan Satwa Cikananga/PPSC Sukabumi Jawa Barat, Desember, 2003.
22. Ujian Masuk Universitas Gadjah Mada/UM UGM/ Examination of UGM in Local Area, Lampung Province by Kagama Lampung/Alumni of Gadjah Mada Association, Lampung, 2004.

School/ University Level/ Faculty Level :

1. Geladian Pemimpin Regu/Scout of Adventure, Panjang, Lampung, 1984.
2. Orientasi Program Studi/ University Orientation Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, 1992.
3. Seminar Menjelang Pernikahan / Pre Marital Seminar, Yogyakarta, 1995.
4. Study Comparative Forestry Science : The waste Impact of PT SIL (Sweet Indo Lampung), University Student Executive Committee, Lampung University, 2002.
5. Seminar Akademi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kehutanan UGM/Seminar on the Faculty of Forestry UGM, Yogyakarta, 1994.
6. Musran II dan Jamran I/The Third Meeting Scout and Jamran Scout Kalianda, Lampung, 1991.
7. Pemandu Opspek’95 Fakultas Kehutanan UGM/ The Coordinator for Campus Orientation, Faculty of Forestry UGM, Yogyakarta, 1995.
8. Panitia Latihan Kepemimpinan Mahasiswa Kehutanan 1995/Leadership of Forestry Student Committee, Wanagama, Yogyakarta, 1995.
9. Lounching of The State of The Forest Indonesia, Lampung, 2002.
10. The Jury of English Speech Contest Lokabina Karana Adhiguna Scouting of Racana Raden Intan and Racana Putri Silamaya, Lampung, 2003.
11. Monitoring dan Evaluasi Praktek Umum Mahasiswa Jurusan Managemen Hutan/ Monitoring and Evaluation for Free Job Employment Student from Forest Management Departement with Perum Perhutani, Garut dan Ciamis, 2003.
12. The Jury of English Speech Contest Lokabina Karana Adhiguna Scouting of Racana Raden Intan and Racana Putri Silamaya, Lampung, 2004.
13. Dialogis Pemilu antar Partai dan Mahasiswa/ Dialouge of National Election, Lampung University, 2004.

Organizations

1. Ketua Umum OSIS SMPN 2 Kalianda/The Leader of Student Organization in Junior High School, 1987-1988.
2. Ketua Umum OSIS SMAN 1 Kalianda/The Leader of Student Organization in Senior High School, 1989-1990.
3. Wakil Ketua Dewan Saka Bhayangkara/Vice Chairman of Saka Bhayangkara Committee 1990-1992.
4. Ketua Bidang Tekpram Dewan Kerja Cabang Lampung Selatan/ Chairman of Scout Team Committee of South of Lampung, 1991-1992.
5. Bidang Protokoler KNPI Lampung Selatan/The Youth National Organization, 1990-1992.
6. Bendahara Remaja Islam Masjid Lampung Selatan/ Treasurer of The Young Generation Mosque, 1991-1992.
7. Kepala Bidang Pengembangan Organisasi Badan Eksekutif mahasiswa Fakultas Kehutanan UGM/ The Committee of Developing and Organizing Student Assembly Faculty of Forestry, UGM, 1992-1994.
8. Kepala Bidang Buletin Sanggar Racana Tribuana Tungga Dewi, Unit Pramuka UGM/ Editor of Bulletin Student of Racana Tribuana Tungga Dewi, 1994-1995.
9. The member of Intensif English Club Faculty of Forestry UGM, 1992-1994.
10. The member of Lampung Student Club, Yogyakarta, 1992-1998.Secretary of Kalianda Student Family, Yogyakarta, 1993-1995.
11. Secretary of Sylva Indonesia (BPC Yogya), 1993-994.
12. Instructur Team Manasik of Hajj KBIH Lampung Peduli/Consultant of Hajj Group, Lampung, 2001-2003.
13. Anggota KAGAMA Lampung, / The Member of Alumni Gadjah Mada University in Lampung Province, 1999-sekarang/1999-now.
14. Anggota PERSAKI / Persatuan Sarjana Kehutanan Indonesia/ Indonesia Forestry Association, 2000-sekarang/2000-now.
15. Indonesian Agriculture Science Association in Japan (IASA Japan) for Head Forestry Department, 2005-now on.
16. PPI Jepang、Public Relation Division 2005-now on

http://www.ppi-jepang.org/organisasi.php?cat=staff&page=2005-2007

17. Treasurer Institute Rural Development Indonesia in Japan 2006-now on
18. Treasurer the Indonesian Scientific Meeting, PPIJ, 2008.
19. Secretary of Forum Linkar Pena Japan (FLPJ), 2008-2010.

Work Experiences

1. Telecommunication Operator UGM Yogyakarta, 1992.
2. Announcer of Rasia Lima AM Radio at Yogyakarta, 1993.
3. Assistant of Lecture Analysis Environmental Impact Faculty of Forestry, UGM, 1996.
4. Announcer and Reporter of Tanah Merdeka Program TVRI Station of Yogyakarta, 1993-1996.
5. Enumerator, Treasurer Community Forestry Development in Gunung Betung, Lampung, 2001-2003.
6. Lecturer, Scientist of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture Lampung University, 1999-sekarang/1999-now.
7. IPS Sales Promotion Staff Access Plus, Tokyo Japan, 2006-2008.

Book

Buku Pertama/First of book : Perjalanan Haji Sewaktu Muda : Catatan Harian Seorang Mahasiswi, Bainah Sari Dewi, July 2006/ Hajj Journey When I was Young, student diary. Universitas Lampung Press. ISBN Number 979-8287-99-1.167 pages.
On line web : http://www.saridewi.blogspot.com untuk edisi 1 sd 37.

Buku Kedua/Second of book : Ayunan Langkah Di Negeri Gempa : Catatan Dua Mahasiswa Di Jepang
Bainah Sari Dewi – Sunu Hadi. Universitas Lampung Press. 2008.

Buku ketiga adalah buku bareng dengan sahabat FLP Jepang Petualangan Sir Luck Helm Bainah Sari Dewi dkk (2008) Penerbit Sinergi Bandung

Buku ke empat yaitu Ramadhan Tiba, Saatnya Wisata Kuliner Bainah Sari Dewi dkk (2008) Penerbit Erlangga

Buku ke lima yaitu Kupu-kupu dan Bidadari Bainah Sari Dewi dkk (2008) Penerbit Erlangga
Buku ke enam juga yaitu Hikari No Michi Bainah Sari Dewi dkk (2008) Penerbit Forum Lingkar Pena

Extention Works

1. Student Guide for Singaporean Student and Teacher (Nanyang University of Singapore), 1992-1996.
2. Al Quran Teacher for Elementary Student and Junior High School Student, Yogyakarta, 1995-1997.
3. The Friendship of Al Quran Education Committee for Ash Shirot Mosque, Yogyakarta, 1997.
4. Warung Makan Murah KAGAMA Yogya/ Kagama Café for Student of Gadjah Mada University, 1998.
5. Pengabdian pada Masyarakat Pramuka UGM/Scouting Extention Work by Gadjah Mada Scout, Desa Nglegi/Nglegi Village, Yogyakarta, 1994.
6. Pengabdian pada Masyarakat Pramuka UGM/Scouting Extention Work by Gadjah Mada Scout (one week), Desa Tirto Rahayu, Galur Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta,1996.
7. Scouting Extention Work by Lampung University Racana Raden Intan and Putri Silamaya’s Scout (3 days), Hajimena , Lampung Selatan/South of Lampung, 2001.
8. Pembangunan Hutan dengan Pendekatan Partisipatif Masyarakat di Sekitar Kawasan Hutan Gunung Betung/Forest Development with partisipatory Approach to Forest Community in Gunung Betung, Lampung University-Ford Foundation, 2001-2002
9. Teacher for Lampung Peduli English Education, Lampung, 2001-2003.
10. Scouting Extention Work by Lampung University Racana Raden Intan and Putri Silamaya’s Scout (3 days), Tanjung Alok, Kemiling Lampung, 2002.
11. Wildlife and Flora Conserve Education (for SDN 2’s Student Keteguhan Umbul Kunci Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman Gunung Betung, 2002.
18. Sosialisasi Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor 31/Kpts-II/2001 tentang Hutan Kemasyarakatan pada petani Hutan KPPH Umbul Baru Batu Putu Register 19 Gunung Betung. Blok Perlindungan, Blok Budidaya dan Rencana Pengelolaan Hutan Kemasyarakatan/ Sosialization of Instruction Ministry of Forestry about Forest Society for Forest Farmer KPPH Umbul Baru Batu Putu Register 19 Gunung Betung. Protection Block, Silviculture Block and Forest Society Plan, Maret 2003.
19. Scouting Extention Work by Lampung University Racana Raden Intan and Putri Silamaya’s Scout (3 days), Bekri South of Lampung, 2003.
20. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Konservasi Orangutan (Pongo pigmaeus) pada Siswa SMU Wirabakti Ambarawa Pringsewu Tanggamus/ Sosialization of Conservation Orangutan for Senior High School’Student, 2003.
21. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Konservasi Gajah (Elephas maximus) pada Siswa SLTP Wirabakti Ambarawa Pringsewu Tanggamus /Sosialization of Conservation of Elephan for Junior High School’s Student, 2003.
22. Penyuluhan Inventarisasi Hutan pada Siswa SMUN 12 Bandar Lampung/Socialization of Forest Inventore for Senior High School’Student, 2003.
23. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Manajemen Satwa Liar pada Siswa SDN 2 Kampung Baru/ Wild Life Management Education for Elementary School’s Student, 2003.
24. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Manajemen Satwa Liar pada Siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak (TK) UNILA di Universitas Lampung /Wild Life Management Education for Kindegarden’s Student, 2003.
25. Penyuluhan Pola Agroforestry pada masyarakat petani hutan di desa Bumiayu Lampung Timur/ Socialization of Agroforestry sistem for forest farmer in Bumiayu East of Lampung, 2003.
26. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Manajemen Satwa Liar pada Siswa SLTP 5 Bandar Lampung /Wild Life Management Education for Junior High School’Student, 2003.
27. Penyuluhan Pendidikan Konservasi Orangutan (Pongo pigmaeus) pada Siswa SLTP 28 Bandar lampung/ Sosialization of Conservation Orangutan for Junior High School’Student, 2004.
28. Penyuluhan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) pada Siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak Al Kautsar di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung/Conserve of Deer Education in Rusa Sambar’Conserve Lampung University for Kindegarden’Student, 2004.
29. Penyuluhan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Negeri 2 Kampung Baru di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung /Conserve of Deer Education in Rusa Sambar’Conserve Lampung University for Elementary’s Student, 2004, 2004.

Pasca Doctor of Phylosophy

30. Penyuluhan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) pada TK Persatuan Dharma Wanita Unila di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 20 November 2009
31. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Siswa SDIT Permata Bunda Yayasan Darul Hikmah Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 1 Mei 2010
32. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Al Kautsar Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 12 Mei 2010
33. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TPA Kawula Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 16 Mei 2010
34. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini SDN 2 Labuhan Ratu di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 18 Mei 2010
35. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Tunas Bangsa di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 4 Mei 2010
36. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Tut Wuri Handayani di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 30 April 2010
37. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Permata Bunda Raja Basa Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 5 Mei 2010
38. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Istiqlal Raja Basa Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 2 Mei 2010
39. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini TK Tiara Indah di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 3 Mei 2010
40. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini Taman Kanak Kanak Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal I Kedaton di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 5 November 2010
41. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini SD Negeri 3 Raa Basa Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 6 November 2010
42. Penyuluhan Pengenalan Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor)Terhadap Anak Usia Dini MI Al Munawaroh Kemiling Bandar Lampung di Penangkaran Rusa Universitas Lampung, 4 November 2010

Riwayat Pekerjaan di UNILA/Works experiences at Lampung University :

1. Staf Pengajar Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Fakultas Pertanian Unila (1 April 1999-sekarang) dengan mata kuliah/ Lecturer on Forest Management Faculty of Agriculture Lampung University and teach some lessons such as : Forest Plan(2001-now),Wild Life Management (1999-now),Urban Forest (1999-now), Forest Inventory (2000-2004),Forest Resource Conservation (1999-now), Forest Resource Conservation and Biodiversity (2000-2003), Terresstrial Ecology (2000-2003), Sampling Tecnique (2000,2003), Forest Harvest Product (1999-now), Forest Policy (1999-now),
2. Kepala Laboratorium Inventarisasi dan Pemetaan Hutan/The Head of Inventore Laboratory Forest Management Departement, 2002-2004.
3. Ketua Operasional Penangkaran Rusa Sambar di Universitas Lampung/ The Head of Operational Rusa Sambar/Cervus unicolor Conserve in Lampung University, 2003-2004.
4. 2005 April – 2009 : duty as the Doctoral course Student in TUAT, Tokyo Japan.

Researcher

1. Rencana Desain hutan kota Lampung Tengah (kerjasama Lembaga Penelitian Unila dengan Pemda Lampung Tengah), 2001/ Consultant Team of Design Plan of Urban Forest of Center Lampung , Collaboration Lampung University and Goverment District of Center Lampung, 2001.
2. Rehabilitasi lahan kritis dan pembinaan masyarakat Lampung Timur,2002/ Team member of Rehabilitation of Land use and socialization of Forest Society in East of Lampung, 2002.
3. Identifikasi jenis-jenis pakan alami dan pakan kesukaan gajah di Taman Nasional Way Kambas Lampung, 2003/ Identification of Natural Food of Elephant in Way Kambas National Park, Lampung, 2003.
4. Analisis vegetasi areal pasca kebakaran di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, Maret, 2003/ Vegetation analysis of land after Fire in Way Kambas National Park, 2003.
5. Rencana Desain hutan kota Lampung Timur (kerjasama Lembaga Penelitian Unila dengan Pemda Lampung Timur), Agustus, 2003/ Consultant member of Design Plan of Urban Forest in East of Lampung, 2003.
6. Pengembangan masyarakat desa sekitar Taman Nasional Way Kambas (Studi kasus desa Labuhan Ratu VI dan Braja Asri), 2004/ Society Development of Way Kambas National Park
7. Analisis biaya makan dan kandungan gizi Rusa Sambar di penangkaran rusa Universitas lampung, 2004/ Food cost analysis and Nutrient Content of Sumatra Deer in Lampung University, 2004.
8. Perilaku harian Rusa Sambar “Tamrin” pada penangkaran rusa di Universitas Lampung, 2004/ Daily Behavio.
9. Perilaku harian Rusa Sambar “Sari” pada penangkaran rusa di Universitas Lampung, 2004.
10. Pengelolaan Hutan Damar oleh Masyarakat Pahmungan Krui Lampung Barat, 2004/ Damar Management by Pahmungan Society in Krui West Lampung, 2004.

Pembimbing dan Penguji Skripsi /Advisor`s Student in Lampung University

1. Adnun Salampessy (97148114), Pembimbing 2. Studi Badak Sumatera (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Fischer, 1814), 2002/ Second advisor of bachelor student with the topic about Sumatra Rhinoceros, 2002.
2. Firmanto, Penguji, Studi pola kebakaran dan jenis kebakaran hutan di Way Hanakau INHUTANI V Lampung, 2002/First examiner of bachelor student with the topic : Fire pattern study and type of Forest Fire in Way Hanakau Inhutani V Lampung, 2002.
3. Asri Wulandari, Pembimbing 2. Studi konsumsi kayu bakar untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga di desa Sendang Asri dan desa Sendang Retno Kecamatan Sendang Agung Kabupaten Lampung Tengah, 2002/ Second advisor of bachelor student with the topic : Wood fire study from Family house necessity in Sendang Asri and Sendang Retno village Sendang Agung Centre Lampung, 2002.
4. Netty Mutiara, Pembimbing 2. Penyusunan Tabel Volume Lokal Jenis Mangium (Acacia mangium) di PT INHUTANI V Lampung, 2002/ Second advisor of bachelor student with the topic : Local Volume Table of Accacia Mangium Species in Inhutani V Lampung, 2002.
5. Rika Indah Sari, Pembimbing 2. Studi interaksi flora dan fauna dalam pelaksanaan agroforestry pada lahan kehutanan di Umbul Kunci Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman Gunung Betung, 2003/ Second Advisor of Rika Indah Sari, bachelor student with the topic : Flora and Fauna interaction study as agroforestry follow up in Umbul Kunci Village Taman Hutan RayaWan Abdurrahman, 2003.
6. Abdul Malik, Pembimbing 1. Keanekaragaman jenis burung air di Lebak Pampangan Kecamatan Pampangan Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir Sumatera Selatan, 2003/ First Advisor of Abdul Malik, bachelor student with the topic : Biodiversity of water bird in Lebak pampangan district Pampangan, Ogan Komering Ilir South of Sumatera, 2003. .
7. Riza Pahlevi (96148136), pembimbing 2. Studi pengaruh iklim mikro Taman kota stadion Sumpah Pemuda Way Halim Bandar Lampung terhadap iklim lingkungan sekitarnya, 2003/ Second adivisor of Riza Pahlevi, bachelor student with the topic : Influence study of Micro season in Garden City of Sumpah Pemuda stadium Way Halim Bandar Lampung, 2003 .
8. Fahroli (97148123), Pembimbing 2. Pengaruh jenis dan kerapatan tajuk pohon terhadap suhu dan kelembaban Taman Kota (Taman Stadion Sumpah Pemuda) di Way Halim Bandar Lampung, 2003/ Second Advisor of Fahroli, bachelor student with the topic : Influence study of species and crown abundance of tree for temperature and moisture of Garden City of Sumpah Pemuda Stadium Way Halim Bandar Lampung, 2003.
9. Sugeng Wibowo, Pembimbing 2. Kajian daur finansial dan kelestarian hutan rakyat jati (Tectona grandis) di desa Wates dan Tambah Rejo Kecamatan Gading Rejo Kabupaten Tanggamus, 2003/ Second Advisor of Sugeng Wibowo, bachelor student with the topic : Financial Cycle Study and Sustainability of Forest People of Jati ( Tectona grandis) in Wates and Tambah Rejo Villages Gading Rejo Tanggamus District, 2003 .
10. Linda Nurbaya, Pembimbing 2. Peran hutan rakyat dan sistem pengelolaannya terhadap pendapatan petani di desa Wates dan Tambah Rejo Kecamatan Gading Rejo Kabupaten Tanggamus, 2003/ Second advisor of Linda Nurbaya, bachelor student with the research : Forest People and Management System for Farmer Income in Wates and Tambah Rejo Villages Gading Rejo Tanggamus District, 2003.
11. Eny, Pembimbing 2. Studi pengaruh iklim mikro Taman Kota Metro terhadap iklim lingkungan sekitarnya, 2003/ Second Advisor of Eny, bachelor student with the research : Influence study of Micro Seasion for Environmental temperature, 2003.
12. Yenni Anggraeni, Pembimbing 2.Pengaruh perkampungan terhadap manajemen konservasi di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, 2003/ Second Advisor of Yenni Anggraeni, bachelor student with the research : Village influence Study for Conservation Management of Way Kambas National Park, 2003..
13. Nuniek Yanuarti, Pembimbing 2. Pola pencurian kayu di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan, 2003/ Second Advisor of Nuniek Yanuarti, bachelor student with the research : Illegal Logging Patern in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, 2003 .
14. Retno Diah Anggorowati, Pembimbing 2. Penyuluhan teknik pemeliharaan tanaman kakao (Theobroma cacao) di sekitar kawasan Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan Dusun Tumpak Bayur Pekon Sedayu Kecamatan Semaka Kabupaten Tanggamus, 2003/ Second Advisor of Retno Diah Anggorowati, bachelor student with the research : Socialization of cacau .
15. Wahyu Hidayat (96148140). Studi keanekaragaman jenis burung pada ruang terbuka hijau di Universitas Lampung), 2003.
16. Mirta Sari, Pembimbing 2. Studi daya dukung kawasan wisata alam di Youth Camp Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman Provinsi Lampung, 2003.
17. Yessi Adria Tama, Pembimbing Akademik dan Pembimbing 2. Studi kawasan wisata alam di Youth Camp Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman Provinsi Lampung 2004.
18. Tofik Affandi, Pembimbing Akademik dan Pembimbing 2. Studi manajemen konservasi gajah di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, 2004.
19. Megy Kurniawan, Pembimbing 1.Studi pengembangan hutan kota berdasarkan kebutuhan oksigen Kotamadya Bandar Lampung, 2004.
20. Maksum, Penguji. Studi pola pemanfaatan lahan badak di Taman Nasional Way Kambas, 2004.
21. Wahyudi Affandi, Penguji.Studi daya dukung pengelolaan pariwisata air terjun Wiyono Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman Provinsi Lampung, 2004.
22. Suramto, PembimbingAkademik dan Pembimbing 2. Studi pengembangan hutan kota berdasarkan kebutuhan oksigen di kota Tangerang Propinsi Banten, 2004.
23. Susmaleni, Pembimbing Akademik dan Pembimbing 2. Studi pakan drop in Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor) Pasca adaptasi Hotel Kartika di kandang sementara penangkaran rusa di Universitas Lampung, 2004.
24. Dedi Idwin, Pembimbing 2. Studi keanekaragaman burung pada kawasan lindung di kota Bandar Lampung, 2004.
25. Siti Kholijah, Pembimbing 1. Studi perilaku harian Burung Kakatua Jambul Kuning (Kakatua galerita) di Pusat Penyelamatan Satwa Cikananga Sukabumi Jawa Barat, 2004.
26. Yulizar Ardi, Penguji, 2004.
27. Ariantika Rini, Pembimbing 2. Penyuluhan teknik pembibitan kemiri di Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman desa Sumber Agung Kecamatan Kemiling Bandar Lampung, 2004.
28. Oka Andriansyah, Pembimbing 2. Studi adaptasi perilaku siamang (Hylobates syndactilus) pada habitat yang mengalami aktivitas perladangan di Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdurrahman, 2004.
29. Wiwit Rahmawati, Pembimbing 2. Studi keanekaragaman fauna pada kawasan lindung di kota Bandar Lampung, 2004.
30. Decis Maroba, Pembimbing 2. Studi Pemasaran Pakan Burung Kroto di Bandar Lampung, 2004.
31. Fetri Akbar, Pembimbing 1. Studi manajemen konservasi rusa di penangkaran rusa Universitas Lampung,2004.
32. Theresia, Analisis pakan drop in hariamau sumatera di Pusat Penyelamatan Satwa Cikananga Sukabumi Jawa Barat, 2004.
33. Dewi Ratna Kurnia Sari, Pembimbing 1. Studi perilaku makan orangutan (Pongo pigmaeus) di Pusat Studi Schmuzer Ragunan Jakarta, 2004.
34. Posma Pitta, Pembimbing 2. Pengaruh perkampungan terhadap manajemen konservasi Taman Nasional Betung Kerihun di Kaliamantan Barat, 2004.
35. Imam Rohadi, Pembimbing 1. Studi keanekaragaman jenis burung di PTP Nusantara VII (Persero) Afdeling V Unit Usaha Bergen Kecamatan Tanjung Bintang Lampung Selatan.
36. Cayadi, Pembimbing 2. Kandungan gizi pakan alami orangutan rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah Februari Maret 2005.
37. Wira S, Pembimbing 2. Kandungan gizi pakan alami dan Feces orangutan rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah Juni 2005.
39. Adi Masturiatna, Pembimbing 2. Kandungan gizi pakan alami dan habitat orangutan rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah Juli Agustus 2004
40. Hasmaraini, Pembimbing 2. Kandungan gizi pakan alami dan Perilaku makan orangutan rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah September – Oktober 2004.
41. Dewi Ratna Kurnia Sari, Pembimbing 2. Kandungan gizi pakan alami dan habitat orangutan rehabilitasi di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah Februari Maret 2004

Pasca Doctor of Philosophy

42. Diana Febrianti, Pembimbing 1. Perilaku Harian Monyet Ekor Panjang di Pulau Kecamatan Rangai Kabupaten Lampung Selatan 2010
43. Dian Andita Putri, Pembimbing 1. Potensi Ekowisata di Pulau Kecamatan Rangai Kabupaten Lampung Selatan 2010
44. Ibnu Muslim, Pembahas/penguji. 2010
45. Eka Nina Br., Pembahas/penguji 2010
46. Benita, Pembimbing 2, 2011
47. Deni Rohadi, Penguji, 2011
48. Anggi, Pembimbing 1, 2011
49. Natarino, Pembimbing 1, 2011
50. Azwan Feri, Penguji, 2011
51. Endang Wulandari, Pembimbing 1, 2011
52. Ando, Pembimbing 1, 2011

ACTIVITIES IN JAPAN

1. Japanese Course April to September, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo Japan, 2006
2. International Conference of Disaster and Fluvial Conference, Kyoto Japan, 2005
3. Scientific Meeting Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia (PPI J) Japan, Nagoya, September,
2005
4. The Second Scientific Congress of East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies
(EAFES2), Toki Messe, Nigata, Japan, March 25-28, 2006
5. Scientific Meeting Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia (PPI J) Japan, Hirosima, July, 2006

http://ti2006.ppi-jepang.org/technicalprogram.htm

6. The Seminar for Agricultural Sciences 2006 (SAS 2006) Indonesian Agriculture Sciences Association (IASA), November, 11, 2006, Balai Indonesia, The School of The Republic of Indonesia in Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
7. The 17 th International Bear Association Conference, Nagano Japan September 28- October 4, 2006.
8. Scientific Meeting Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia (PPI J) Japan, Kyoto, September,
2007.
9. Indonesia Seminar, Collaburation program KBRI Tokyo, PPIJ, and TUAT, in Tokyo,
Japan, 2007.
10. The Symposium on Agriculture, Sciences and Technology (SAST 2008) Indonesian Agriculture Sciences Association (IASA), Tokyo University of Agriculture (TUA) in Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, July 21, 2008.
11. The 55th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society, Fukuoka, Japan, March 14-17, 2008.
12. The 18th Annual Meeting of Japan JASTE , Tokyo University (Todai), Tokyo, Japan, 2008.
13. 114th of Annual Meeting of Japan Mammalogical Society, March, 2008.
14. Japan Wildlife Conservation Society Conference, 2008.
15. Japan Forest Society Conference, TUAT, 2008.
16. Indonesian Scientific Meeting Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia (PPI J) Japan, Tokyo,
August , 2008 .
17. Forum Lingkar Pena, Secretary 2008-2010, FLPJ Japan.

Academic Doctor Course :

1. Researcher of TUAT Japan by online web : http://read.jst.go.jp/public/cs_ksh_012EventAction.do?action4=event&lang_act4=E&judge_act4=2&code_act4=5000096416

2. Special Seminar on 30 hours activity in TUAT, 2005 – 2009, Japan.
3. General Seminar on 30 hours activity in TUAT, 2005 – 2009, Japan.

Extension Activities in JAPAN :

1. Indonesian Agriculture Science Association in Japan (IASA Japan) for Head Forestry Department, 2005-now
2. Institute Rural Development Indonesia Chapter Japan, Treasurer 2006-now.
3. PPI Japan 2005-now
4. PIEF Charity Day as volunteer, Tsunami Program, Tokyo, Japan, 2005.
5. Treasurer of Bazar Ramadhan Fahima-KAMMI Japan 1426 H, Tokyo Japan, 2006.
6. The volunteer committee of ASEAN FESTIVAL by PPI Kanto, International House of Tokyo University (Today), 19 May 2007
7. The volunteer committee of Sakura Cinta Bersemi Program of FAHIMA Japan, Sekolah Republik Indonesia Tokyo, 25 Maret 2007
8. The committee of Biarkan Cinta Bersemi by KMII Japan, 2007.
9. The committee of SAS Indonesia Agriculture Science Association Japan, 11 November 2006.
10. The committee of Syukuran Wisudawan/Wisudawati by PPI Kanto, Sekolah Republik
Indonesia Tokyo, Japan, 11 March 2007.
11. The volunteer committee of Tokyo University of Agriculture Meeting, Tokyo Japan, 23
May 2007.
12. The committee of Syukuran Wisudawan/Wisudawati by PPI Kanto, Sekolah Republik Indonesia Tokyo, Japan, March, 2008.
13. The Steering Committee of SAST Indonesia Agriculture Science Association Japan, June 21, 2008.
14. The Otsuka Mosque Activities, July, 2008.
15. PIEF Charity Day as volunteer, Japan, July , 2008.

February 20, 2011 Posted by | Publication | Leave a comment

Kuliah Inventarisasi Hutan 3

Invent Kuliah III 29 Sept 2009

Permalink: https://bainahsaridewi.wordpress.com/2009/09/29/kuliah-inventarisasi-hutan-3/

Bahan kuliah sudah di upload pada file tersebut di atas. Silakan klik link di atas ya.

Dewi

September 29, 2009 Posted by | KULIAH UNILA | 1 Comment

Sensei Please Come

Sensei, Please Come

 

Saya sangat tahu sensei sibuk sebagai posdok di Tachikawa. Bila sensei berkenan memberikan support terakhir kalinya, please datang di Udai bersama mas soni dari Fuchu. Nuri san akan ikut juga. Dan Noriko Miyamori san, Yoko san, juga Kazue suzuki san mereka orang jepang yang juga baik, dari Fuchu dan Hachioji, yang juga akan datang ke Udai tgl 30 jan.

 

Besar harapan saya, sensei bisa hadir di ujian saya. Buat saya, sensei bukan sekedar sensei, tapi sudah menjadi pengganti orang tua saya. Saya menyayangi Bu Agus seperti saya sayang dengan ibu saya. Sering curhat belakangan ini ke bu agus. Dan sensei juga orangyang paling berjasa membantu mengatasi keterlambatan keuangan dari baito mas soni.

Bila sensei, ada sedikit waktu di hari jumat 30 jan ini, please come udai. Lihat perjuangan anakmu yang bodoh ini berusaha mempresentasikan hasil studinya.

 

Wie

Tokyo 28 januari 2009

September 16, 2009 Posted by | Mbakyu Geudebleh | Leave a comment

Seindah namanya Intan

Seindah Namanya, Intan…
Lagi-lagi Mbakyu Geudebleh mengucap syukur yang dalam.

Tak pernah membayangkan bahwa hanya satu buah buku Ayunan Langkah di Negeri Gempa  itu menjadi sarana untuk uang sebelas ribu yen atau satu juta tiga ratus rupiah.

Buku termahal, dari harga aslinya yang hanya tiga puluh tiga ribu rupiah itu.

Subhanallah, seperti kehilangan kata-kata untuk menafsirkan hal ini. Sarana buku itu menjadi ladang amal sahabat tercinta ini.

 

“Kenapa ya setiap kita ketemu, saya selaluh membawa uang pas, minta nomor rekeningnya yah, untuk membayar buku ini” Spontan ditanggapi dengan senyuman dan uluran nomor rekening.

 

Lalu tiba-tiba datang email setelah dua hari kemudian.

 

” Mbakyu, sayah sudah transfer uang sekian dan sekian…” Mbakyu Geudebleh bengong sesaat, untung musim dingin. Coba kalo musim panas, bengong gitu bisa kemasukan lalat itu mulut saking takjubnya.

 

” Subhanallah Teteh Intan. Hatimu seperti intan. Bening dan menyergap hangat sampai ke relung kalbu” batin Mbakyu Geudebleh.

 

Semoga Allah SWT melancarkan semua aktifitas Teh Intan, memudahkan segala jalan rizki, dan selalu bening seperti air.

 

“Sodakoh tidak akan pernah membuatmu jatuh miskin, semiskin apapun dirimu…” Ucapan bijak dari orang bijak.

 

Sarana untuk menjadi ladang amal memang perlu. Dan buku Ayunan langkah Di negeri Gempa ini, telah membuktikannya.

Jazakumullah khoir kepada para pembeli buku ini, dimanapun, berapapun jumlah dan berapapun yen yang tersalurkan. Semua akan menjadi ladang amal ananda semua, insya allah…

 

TOKYO, 12 Februari 2009

BAINAH SARI DEWI

September 16, 2009 Posted by | Mbakyu Geudebleh | Leave a comment

Marisa-san I am Sorry to hear that…

Marisa-san, I am sorry to hear this…

 

 

Namanya Murata Marisa-san. Dia teman lab, sekaligus sahabat lab-lah kalau boleh dibilang sahabat. Dari lima cewek di Lab Udai (Utsunomiya Daigaku) atau Utsunomiya University, Marisa-san paling senior, master tahun ke dua. Empat orang yang lainnya Master tahun pertama satu orang dan sisanya adalah yonensei (undergraduate tahun ke empat).

 

Penampilannya sangat cantik, untuk ukuran cewek Jepang. Matanya memang sipit dikit, tapi tinggi tubuhnya seratus tujuh puluh enam centimeter, dengan berat yang ideal. Sebagai orang yang berkecimpung di hutan, dan per satwa liaran seperti halnya Mbakyu Geudebleh, kami walaupun cewek-cewek, selalu rajin ke hutan dengan celana jean. Demikian juga Marisa-san. Hobi-nya nge-jeans dan bawa ransel.

 

Walau keliatan anak gunungan, karena wajahnya cantik, justru bukan machooo yang tampak, tapi unik. Cewek berambut sebahu itu hobinya yang asyik adalah tersenyum dan selalu ramah, terutama pada Mbakyu Geudebleh tentunya. Bahasa Inggrisnya-pun di atas rata-rata orang Jepun. Jadi bila komunikasi ngobrol-ngobrol biasa dengan Mbakyu Ge, dia jarang-jarang sekali buka kamus digitalnya. Walau kadang dibuka juga sih, kalau pas yang technical term banget dan dia kesulitan menerjemahkan artinya dalam bahasa Inggris.

 

Marisa-san juga asisten lapangannya Sensei Udai Mbakyu Geudebleh, Profesor Masaaki Koganezawa. Saat dua tahun lalu Mbak Ge ke hutan Nikko, pernah ditempatkan satu barak. Barak adalah tempat menginap di hutan. Dari barak itulah, Mbak Ge semakin dekat, sering sekali Marisa-san curhat.

 

Pandangan matanya teduh. Kalau boleh dibilang sendu. Tapi bukan kependekan dari sendu alias seneng duit. Tapi matanya benar-benar sendu alami. Dan belakangan Mbakyu Ge tahu, kalau Marisa-san juga menggunakan kontak lens. Saat mau tidur, dia sibuk melepas kontak lens-nya, dan merendamnya di tempat penyimpanan aman yang kecil dalam kotak ukuran diameter tak lebih dari tiga centimeter, ada sedikit air atau alkohol ya? Agar senantiasa bersih dan besok paginya bisa dipakai ulang.

 

Kedekatan selama di hutan, walau Mbak Ge bertemu hanya di malam hari saat akan tidur. Tetap saja membawa rasa senang, karena seharian, Mbakyu Ge hanya sendirian di hutan ngurusi Dung Beetle dan si Ee beruang Jepang-nya. Betsu-betsu kenkyu-lah (penelitian sendiri-sendiri-lah).

 

Mbakyu Ge memandang, dia cukup dekat dan mendapat perlakuan baik dari Sensei.

Pada tanggal 30 Januari 2009 lalu, Mbak Ge bertemu. Saat itu hapyou doktor (presentasi doktor) Mbakyu Ge. Marisa-san juga hadir, dan pada tanggal yang sama juga telah menyerahkan thesis s2 nya ke Udai.

Ada dua mahasiswa master yang akan lulus bersamanya, dirinya dan Kimura-san. Mbakyu Geudebleh memandangnya baik-baik saja, dan semangat mengerjakan thesisnya juga terhitung gambatteru hito lah (orang yang penuh semangat).

 

Lalu, apa yang terjadi hari ini? Mbakyu Ge datang ke Udai untuk farewell party dengan seluruh member lab. Dan dari Kei-san anak yonensei.

 

“Ge-san, Marisa-san tidak datang. Dia menyatakan berhenti dan tidak sanggup ujian thesis”  perlahan dengan kalimat pelan sekali Kei-san menceritakan pada Mbakyu Ge.

 

“Usooooooo (bohong)….mengapa bisa terjadi?” mata Mbakyu Ge melotot seperti mau keluar, lalu tiba-tiba mulai berair, mengeluarkan air secara otomatis. Karena mengingat support Marisa-san padanya saat gagal submite disertasi s3 3 Juni 2008 lalu. Dia penyemangat melalui email yang selalu menguatkan.

 

“Sensei yasahi kara, daijoubu yoo Ge-san…(Sensei baik kok, jadi nggak apa-apa deh)” dan seabrek sms di ketai (handphone) Mbakyu Ge.

 

“Sensei memberikan koreksian power point sehari sebelum hapyou, dan banyak yang harus diganti dan diperbaiki dari power point-nya. Dan saat dia menyatakan tidak siap mengganti, Sensei marah”  jelas Kei-san.

 

“Marisa-san panik, dan ikut marah juga. Lalu dia menyatakan berhenti tidak akan hapyou besok, lalu semua berantakan” Kei-san menceritaknnya tentu dalam bahasa Jepang.

 

“Mengapa Sensei  baru kasih koreksian sehari sebelum hapyou?itu kan memang bikin panik” bela Mbakyu Ge atas perlakuan Sensei pada Marisa-san.

 

“Tapi Sensei juga bersikeras, kalau tidak mau mengganti dan perbaiki power point seperti permintaannya, dilarang hapyou besok itu…” kata Kei-san sambil geleng-geleng.

 

Jeruk di lawan jeruk ya empuk. Lah batu dilawan batu yang pecah. Hubungan harmonis asisten lapangan dan pembimbing itu, hancur dalam sehari sebelum Marisa-san mempresentasikan thesis S2-nya.

 

Pelajaran moral pertama, jangan menentang kemauan Sensei, apalagi di saat kritis menjelang presentasi ujian, mau ujian s1 kek, ujian s2 nek, ujian s3 kek…

 

Pelajaran moral kedua, diperlukan sabar lebih dalam dan sedikit lebih lama, minimal dua puluh empat jam saja, maka persoalan sebenarnya bisa diatasi.

 

“Marisa-san, gomenn nee, nanimo tetsudatte kurenai kara (Maafkan aku, tak bisa membantu apapun)” tambah merah mata Ge-san. Seharusnya minimal dia bisa menyemangati Marisa-san di saat-saat kritisnya.

 

Pelajaran moral ketiga, dekati dan ajak bicara terus dan terus dari hati ke hati, rekan sahabat, teman kita, yang akan mengikuti ujian masuk atau ujian akhir S1, S2 atau S3.

Beban stress mereka sungguhlah sebesar gunung api, yang butuh penyaluran larvanya dengan cara aman, tanpa letusan.

 

Saat di kereta menuju pulang ke Tokyo, bahkan sampai pulang di apato. Airmata Mbakyu Geudebleh masih terus mengalir. Mengingat semua perjuangan Marisa-san di lab wildlife management di Udai yang heroik, penuh dedikasi. Tetapi ternyata runtuh, sehari sebelum gelar master disandangnya.

 

Kelebihan orang Islam, kita masih ada tempat mengadu yaitu Allah SWT. Kalaupun sahabat, rekan, teman ada dimana-mana, tetapi kadang penderitaan tugas akhir itu memang benar-benar tiada tara. kalo nggak percaya, maka rasakan saja sendiri ya.

Mbakyu Geudebleh saja kapok ngambil doktor di Jepun.

 

Lah buat seorang Marisa-san, kemana dia mengadu? teman di lab semua sibuk persiapan lulus S1, dan dia sibuk persiapan lulus S2, dan Mbayu Ge sibuk persiapan lulus S3 saat tiga minggu lalu.

Hanya dalam hitungan minus dua puluh empat jam dari saat seharusnya Marisa-san lulus masternya, dia harus menelan pil pahit, bentrok besar dengan Sensei.

 

Pelajaran moral terakhir, serahkan lebih awal power point presentasi ujianmu, sehingga masih ada waktu memperbaiki bila Sensei mencoret -moret power point yang menurut versi kita adalah sangat sempurna itu.

 

UTSUNOMIYA UNIVERSITY

TOCHIGI PREFECTURE, 20 February 2009.at  5.15 PM

Marisa-san, I am sorry to hear this…

September 16, 2009 Posted by | Mbakyu Geudebleh | Leave a comment

Mama Aku Rindu

Mamah…Aku Rindu…

 

 

Mamah, aku ingin sungkem di kakimu, saat Allah SWT mempertemukan kita nanti di Purworejo. Aku ingin langsung bersujud saat memulai tapakan pertama memasuki halaman rumah yang telah membesarkan empat anakmu.

Membayangkan pertemuan itu, serasa bumi ini bergetar dan penuh air mata. 

 

Kerinduan ini penuh peluh dan rasa sakit.

Tak pernah kubayangkan bahwa berada di Negeri Sakura ini, akan penuh balutan nikmat luka dan air mata.

Tak pernah terbayangkan, bahwa anakmu ini demikian sengsara dalam nikmat lahir dan batin.

Dengan doamu, Allah telah menutup pintu duka, dengan penantianmu yang panjang selama empat tahun telah berbuah asa nan panjang.

 

Luka itu telah mulai tertutup dengan bubuk obat doamu di penghujung Januari 2009.

Saat beban terberat selama empat tahun, dipertanggung jawabkan dan anakmu menang.

 

Mamah, …

Membayangkan sungkem di pangkuanmu adalah sebuah harapan dan nikmat.

Menerima belaian tanganmu pada elusan di kepalaku adalah haru yang terpendam selama empat tahun.

Dalam kurun waktu ini, betapa aku semakin tahu, bahwa aku mencintaimu.

Ijinkan aku merengkuh tubuhmu yang mulai rapuh.

Memeluknya untuk melepaskan semua nikmat duka lara di Negeri Sakura.

Menghapuskan air mata perjuangan ini menjadi air mata bahagia.

 

Ya Rob, ijinkan aku sungkem pada Mamah. Menerima belaian lembut tangan tua-nya.

Dan ijinkan aku melihat senyum tulus mengembang dari wajah keriputnya yang telah empat tahun ini kurindukan.

Mamah… Aku Rindu…

 

TOKYO 26 Februari 2009 at 00.06 AM

Special pada Mamah Mertua Hajjah Rumidjah Sarwoko.

September 16, 2009 Posted by | Mbakyu Geudebleh | Leave a comment

Biomass International Seminar 3-5 August 2009 Sheraton, Lampung, Indonesia

The  Important Role of Asiatic Black Bear

in the Seed Dispersal Process

 

Bainah Sari Dewi

 

Forestry Departement of Faculty of Agriculture 

Lampung University 

Indonesia 

 

 

One of the wild Asiatic Black Bears was captured using GPS collar from August 19 to October 2, 2007 in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The bear was captured to investigate its daily movement pattern in every three days using GPS collar record attached on the neck of bear.

 The result showed that food habit and movement pattern of the bears in Uozu, Toyama Prefecture were different within each three days, and one of the fleshy-fruited Cornus controversa seeds was detected as their preference food. The different movement pattern had strong influence on food availability in Toyama Prefecture. The GPS measurement indicated more than 771 location points, but only 387 locations points were successfully visited. It is shown that the Asiatic Black Bears consumed the most fleshy-fruits and moved farther compared to other wildlife. Subsequently, they are regarded as the first seed disperser.

 

Key words : Asiatic Black Bear, Movement Pattern, GPS, Cornus controversa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The  Important Role of Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus)

in the Seed Dispersal Process

 

Bainah Sari Dewi

 

Forestry Departement of Faculty of Agriculture 

Lampung University 

Indonesia 

 

INTRODUCTION

Diurnal activity is the behavior of an animal that is active in the daytime (sunrise to sunset). And bears are primarily diurnal throughout their range (Craighead et al. 1995; Gilbert and Lanner 1995). There are number of studies of GPS activity sensor for animal (Burnham 1998, Dussault et al. 1999, D Eon 2003, Di Orio et al. 2003, Frair et al. 2004, Cain et al. 2005, D Eon 2005, Dauwalter et al. 2006, Munro 2006, Horne et al. 2007, Lewis 2007,). But especially for the research of Asiatic Black Bear in Toyama Prefecture area, it is one of the pioneer research.

It could not observe the Asiatic Black Bear directly. The GPS-collar is very convenient to chase the action of the Asiatic Black Bear. It is the toll which can chase a detailed action (Goto 2004, Arimoto 2008, Koike 2008). I had been chased feeding behavior of the Asiatic Black Bear with GPS- collar.

In this research, I investigated the diurnal movement pattern of Asiatic Black Bear for attach the fleshy fruit to help provide information on habitat needs for maintaining a heterogeneous plant community.

METHODS

  

The study was conducted in August to October 2007 at Uozu, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. Toyama Prefecture is located approximately in the center of Honshu, Japan and is bordered by Niigata and Nagano Prefectures to the east, Gifu Prefecture to the south, and Ishikawa Prefecture to the west. Toyama is a topographically impressive prefecture. Mountains wall in the prefecture on three sides and the deep bay rests nestled in the crook formed by the rolling plains (Latitude: 36º16”N to 36º59”N, Longitude: 136º46”E to 137º46”E). Forest area in Uozu is Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest with an altitude and it located in the eastern part of Toyama Japan between Namerikawa and Kurobe, stretching from Toyama Bay and the Japan Sea in the northwest to high mountain ranges in the southeast. The highest mountains in Uozu are Sougadake and Kekachiyama, and the highest elevation in Uozu is 2,414 m. Several rapid rivers run through Uozu; from east to west, they are the Fuse River, the Katakai River, the Kado River, and the Hayatsuki River.

The methods to investigate the movement pattern of the Asiatic Black Bear in the Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest, Toyama Prefecture, consist of some steps. Barrel traps was set up in July 2007 to capture the bear. Two barrels were used and combined to one cage to capture for bear. The barrel has only one door and open for the gate of bear coming. By the gate which consist of VHF telemetry, I could detect the bear capture or not yet from 1-20 km in distance. In August 18 2007 one bear was captured the code UF 10 was given. On August 19 2007 on GPS collar and release, VHF Telemetry was done every 2 time a week, for checking the bear activity by GPS collar. In November 20 2007, the GPS collar was drop off and the GPS collar data was got. GPS collar was released. GPS  was connected the computer, and then the data had been downloaded using GPS 3000 host programming to analysis. Then the movement pattern of bear during the period of GPS collar was analyzed..

 

1.Field visitation to access GPS bear locations

Firstly, GPS locations had been combined with activity value which correspond to the GPS locations. Secondly, GPS locations of bouts continuing activity value ≧14 as active locations ,and act ≦13 as inactive locations had been defined, respectively.

Active points and inactive points were selected from bear daily movement trace; active points (inactive points) is defined as area that over 2 active (inactive) locations distribute in 20-m-radius area.

It was navigated to each active and inactive points using uploaded waypoints in handheld GPS units(Garmin GPS Map60CSx)Kumadana or scars on a tree had been remained bear’s active point.

According to Koike’s study (2008) which investigated retention time of Asiatic Black Bears, bears had retention time about 7 h for minimum and 16-18 h for excreting about 50%. Activity pattern of bears is fundamentally circadian and the ratio of active bouts to inactive bouts equal 1:1 (Arimoto, 2008). Accordingly, it is suggested that bears excrete of feces over 50% of food eaten during active bouts at inactive point during night. Then, food species identified and feeding period of GPS bear (UF10) by kumadana found at active points and feces found at inactive points. I was search for kumadana over a 20-m-radius area from center of active point and for feces over a10-m-raduis area from center of inactive point.

 

2.Definition of core area

 

I defined active bouts and inactive bouts; inactive bouts is from time that activity value ≦13 last 20 minute up to time activity value ≧14 last 20 minute up, and active bouts is the remainder.

To demonstrate the movement pattern of bears for searching food, I analyzed the distribution of active locations.

The methods were following.

1)The home range of bears was divided by 50-m-mesh. Then the active GPS location which

        locates at each mesh was counted.

2)I  calculated ”the expected value of frequency of mesh use (E)=the number of total GPS

        locations÷the number of total mesh used”.

        I defined “a core area” as the area that includes the 50-m-mesh which have GPS locations more than twice of expected value (A) and the 50-m-mesh which have more than expected value neighboring to A.

3)   I checked out the tree species which had bear marks at active point of each core area.

 

 


 

RESULT

 

1. Relationship between distribution of fleshy fruits on kumadana and movement patterns of the Asiatic Black Bear

 

An activity sensor that abstracted GPS measuring points in working hours showed repeated areas as the living spaces zone of bears. Its up loaded the bear living zone in the GPS Map 60 CSX were explored. Record of the feces and life tracks which were found within 20 meters of the living zone. I clarified the GPS collar data by direct observation to the forest and I found Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees as the stay point of bear there. Figure 1 was shown the distribution of fleshy fruits on kumadana on of Mizuki trees.

In location map of bear in activity research area, UF10 moved from one fleshy fruit of Mizuki to other fleshy fruit of Mizuki patch and visited the one fleshy fruit Mizuki patch repeatedly (Table 1).

 

 

A
C
B
D
E
F
G 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

○    :Fleshy-fruits of Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.Figure 1. The distribution of Kumadana on Mizuki trees (Cornus controversa) in UF 10 Asiatic Black Bear on activity research area in Toyama Prefecture.

 

Square Mesh in square of 100 meters, positions of the Asiatic Black Bear in the natural  feeding habit  are followed by the data track recorder on GPS radio-collars.

 

 

 

Table 1. The date when Black Bear (UF10) used fleshy fruit of Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees in “Core Area (A-G)” in Toyama Prefecture between August to September 2007.

Figure 2 shows that movement pattern/ travel route of the bear UF10 with GPS-collar every three days with distribution of fleshy fruit of Mizuki on kumadana. There are some patterns; moving from the fleshy fruit tree area to the other areas, settle down in a same fleshy fruit tree area repeatedly. Every three days the movement pattern of one Asiatic Black Bear was different. Core area was described in Figure 3, or the overlapping time of “went point” and “visit point” of bear in many repeating more than 2 times visiting mesh by recorded of GPS collar data in one place area in field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2. Movement pattern of Asiatic Black Bear UF 10 for every three days around Kumadana on Mizuki (Cornus controversa) trees in Toyama Prefecture  from 18th September to 2nd October 2007

 

Red : 9/18-9/20,  blue:9/21-23, green:9/24-26, black:9/27-9/29, yellow:9/30-10/2 on the square mass 100 meters

 

2. Core area in active bouts

 

 

After resizing GPS measuring points to 50 meters a mesh, recorded during August 20th until October 3rd. Figure 5 shows a frequency of visits by bear in each mesh. During this time, total number of GPS measuring points went up to 771 points and total numbers of used were 387 points.

The 50-m-mesh which have GPS locations more than twice of expected value (=771÷387) are shown by red meshes and the 50-m-mesh which have more than expected value are shown by blue meshes. A-R in Fig.2 shows core areas. The point of(A~R)there are the area which is visited repeatedly in movement pattern.

            Colored by blue as more than expected rate; colored by red as more than 2 times using mesh. It was the recorded of GPS measuring points located closely. Distinguished red mesh group and blue one. It made other limits of blue ones which was connected to red ones, it called “Core Area”, and these condition was marked by the letter of A-R in Figure 3.

Consequently, core areas had been exist in movement pattern of bear necessarily.

 

 

 

B
A
N
M
G
I
F
R
D
Q
H
C
J
O
P
K 
L
E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Figure 3. Distribution of location points of Black Bear UF10 in Toyama Prefecture from 20th August 2007 to 3rd October 2007.

 

Red cell shows 4 and over of location points. Blue cell shows 2-3 location points. Green cell shows 1 location point.  Alphabet A to R show Core Area.

 

 

 

 

 

DISCUSSION

1. Food availability

 

      The tree species that are used for movement pattern of the Asiatic Black Bear from one place to another place may be the same and difference, it can be berries seeds tree or nuts tree, but in case of “UF10 bear” study, the movement pattern showed the same tree species as berries tree/ fleshy-fruit. This bear have the different movement pattern. As mobile and opportunistic mammals, bear show changing movement pattern use in accordance with changes in resource abundance (Hazumi et al. 1997, Power 1992, Nay and Haroldson 1990, Smith et al. 1992, Reid et al. 1991, Mano 1994, Joshi et al. 1995).

Many studies on movement patterns of American Black Bear (Amstrup and Beechum 1976, Garshelis and Pelton 1981, Kasbohm et al. 1998) and brown bears or grizzly bears or sun bear (Clevenger  1996, McConney and Galetti 1999) conclude that the food availability was the most important factor that influenced bear movements. No distinct fruiting period where bear food become abundant occurred during the entire study period. Therefore, it was not possible to compare daily movement distances between fruiting season and non-fruiting season.

Amstrup and Beecham (1976) reported that the daily movements of American black bears were greater (mean = 1.5 km) in 1973 when food was sparse, than in 1974 (mean = 1.1 km), when food was diverse and abundant. Similarly, Pelton (1989) reported American black bear in Tennessee moved 2-4 times farther in lean acorn years than in mast ones, and Roggers (1976, 1977), Rogers and Applegate 1983 reported increased numbers of bears moving during scarce food years. Wong et al. (2002) strongly believe figs, has a strong influence on movement pattern of sun bears. Thus, I understood that food availability has strong influence on the movement patterns of the UF10 as Asiatic Black Bear in Toyama Prefecture.

 

CONCLUSION

 

The movement pattern of one the Asiatic Black Bear in used of GPS collar in August 20th to October 3rd 2007 that use the berries tree species. Every three days of movement pattern one the Asiatic Black Bear had been moved in different pattern. After resizing GPS measuring points to 50 meters a mesh, the data shows a frequency in used by bear in each mesh, total GPS measuring points went up to 771 points and total mesh used were 387 points, and the difference movement pattern has strong influence on food availability in Toyama Prefecture.

I understood that the Asiatic Black Bear took the action to strongly depends on fleshy fruits of some tree species in Warm and Cool Temperate Forest in Japan and play the role of seed disperser for Warm and Cool Temperate Deciduous Forest in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.

 

September 15, 2009 Posted by | Publication | Leave a comment

Kosakata Dzaky-kun

Kosa Kata Dzaky-kun

Kosakata anak laki-laki dari Mbakyu Sumringah ini unik. Tentu saja dengan penerjemah handal, ibunya yang suka tersenyum itu. Kebiasaan batita yang berusaha berbicara dengan jelas, dalam kapasitasnya yang berusia dua tahun, dengan kelucuan dan keluguannya. Ini beberapa kosakatanya yang sempat terekam oleh Mbakyu Geudebleh.

Cum artinya Assalamualaikum.

Num Teh De artinya miNUM TEH di rumah BuDE.

Cut Bok artinya naik perosotan di taman, meluncur dari atas sruuuuuutttt/CUT, lalu terduduk di bawah perosotan buuukkk/BOK.

Yu Yak artinya minum susu/YU, merek Bebelak/YAK. Meminum susu merk Bebelak, jadilah Yu Yak.

Bar Momo artinya Menggambar/BAR, Singa/MOMO, suara mengaumnya kan Mouuuunggg/MO, Mouuuuunnggg/MO. Jadi artinya Singa yang sedang mengaum.

Yung Wok artinya Burung/YUNG, yang berbunyi Woookk…woookkkkk/WOK, artinya burung Gagak hitam di Jepang yang bertebaran dimana-mana. Di jalan, di taman, di samping rumah, hampir di tiap sudut Jepang, kita bisa menemukan Burung Gagak ini.

Mbah : maksudnya MBAH Mbuh, panggilan pada ibunya Mbak Dina Faoziah.

”Pi Tutut” artinya kereta aPI yang berbunyi TUT …TUT…tut..tut.

 

Dapak-dapak : kuda. Kuda itu kan kalo berjalan tepak tepak tepak….di katakan dengan suara bayi menjadi ”DAPAK…DAPAK ….”

Puk Mama artinya TePUK MAMA alias bertepuk tangan oleh Mama. Bila telah melakukan aktifitas misalnya menggambar balon, maka Dzaky-kun akan meminta apresiasi. Bila Bude Geudeblehnya telah tepuk tangan, dan mama-nya Dzakykun masih sibuk di dapur, maka si kakkoi cilik ini akan berlari ke dapur dan meminta pada Mama-nya.

”Puk Mama… Puk Mama…Puk Mama” berulang kali, sampai sang Mama memberikan tepuk tangannya.

Buk Mama artinya GeBUK MAMA. Kalau sedang marah, Dzaky-kun akan protes pada Mbakyu Sumringah sang Mama, dengan memukulkan tangannya berkali-kali ke Mbakyu Sumringah, sambil berujar.

”Buk Mama…Buk Mama…”

Pada saat tertentu tiba-tiba setelah mendapatkan pembelajaran selama dua minggu tentang permintaan maaf bila melakukan kesalahan. Tiba-tiba si kecil Dzaky berjalan pelan-pelan dengan wajah agaknya merasa bersalah.

”Mama, JOMENG…JOMENG…” katanya pelan.

”Ada apa Ki?” tanya sang Mama dengan sabar.

”Mama JOMENG…ennih…” kata Dzaky kecil mengucapkan kata Gomen yang artinya dalam bahasa Jepang adalah Maaf, dengan modifikasi lidahnya menjadi JOMENG. Lalu sambil mengucapkannya dengan mengatakan kata ennih (Ini), berikut menunjukkan taplak meja buatan Mama, yang telah digunting-guntingnya menjadi kain kecil-kecil.

”Duh…Gusti Allah…Dzaky-kun…” gumam Mbakyu Sumringah melihat kemajuan dari didikan mengucapkan maaf saat melakukan kesalahan, walupun pada usia batita. Pembelajaran yang sangat bagus dan patut menjadi contoh, walaupun sang Mama akhirnya mengurut dada, karena taplak meja buatannya terkoyak-koyak.

Nilai sebuah taplak meja akan berbeda signifikan dengan hasil pembelajaran mengucapkan kata JOMENG yang telah berhasil ditanamkan pada seorang Dzaky-kun, anak laki-laki cilik usia dua tahun yang tinggal di Fuchu Tokyo.

Belajar sejak dini mengucapkan kata maaf, sebenarnya bukan hanya buat seorang Dzaky-kun. Karena bisa jadi kita-kita yang sudah menjadi orang tua, menjadi tante, menjadi om, Pakde, Bude, dllnya. Malah bisa jadi lebih susah meminta maaf karena jabatan, karena ketuaan, karena titel, karena harkat dan martabat.

TOKYO 28 Oktober 2008.

Revisi : INDONESIA 10 April 2009.

September 15, 2009 Posted by | Mbakyu Geudebleh | 1 Comment

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